New System Delivering Microwaves Energy for Inducing Subcutaneous Fat Reduction: In - Vivo Histological and Ultrastructural Evidence

  • Nicola Zerbinati Department of Surgical and Morphological Sciences, University of Insubria (Varese), Varese, Italy
  • Edoardo d’Este Centro Medico Polispecialistico, Pavia, Italy
  • Antonia Icaro Cornaglia Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Unit of Histology and Embryology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Federica Riva Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Unit of Histology and Embryology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Aurora Farina Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Unit of Histology and Embryology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Alberto Calligaro Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Unit of Histology and Embryology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Giovanni Gallo Laser Unit of Medi-Este-Laser Center, Canicattì, Italy
  • Emanuele Rosario Perrotta Department of General Surgery and Surgical Medical Specialties, Hospital Cannizzaro, Catania, Italy
  • Marina Protasoni Department of Medicine and Surgery School of Medicine, University of Insubria (Varese), Italy
  • Paolo Bonan Laser Cutaneous Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery Unit, Villa Donatello Clinic, Florence, Italy
  • Aleksandra Vojvodic Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Massimo Fioranelli Department of Nuclear Physics, sub-nuclear and radiation, G. Marconi University, Rome, Italy
  • Van Thuong Nguyen Director of National Hospital of Dermatology and Venereology Vietnam, Head of Dermatology and Venereology Faculty, Hanoi Medical University, Vietnam
  • Torello Lotti University of Rome G. Marconi, Rome, Italia
  • Michael Tirant University G. Marconi, Rome, Italy
  • Petar Vojvodic Clinic for Psychiatric Disorders “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”, Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: microwaves, subcutaneous, fat, fat reduction

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recently, it has been developed a new technology for the reduction of subcutaneous adipose tissue through a non-invasive treatment by microwaves. The main objective of the present study is to demonstrate the feasibility of utilising a non-invasive, localised microwaves (MW) device to induce thermal modifications into subcutaneous adipose tissue only by a controlled electromagnetic field that heats up fat preferentially. This device is provided with a special handpiece appropriately cooled, directly contacting the cutaneous surface of the body, which provides a calibrated energy transfer by microwaves.

AIM: In this paper, microscopic and ultrastructural modifications of subcutaneous adipose tissue induced by microwaves irradiation are evaluated.

METHODS: Our experimental plan was designed for collecting biopsy samples, for each skin region treated with a single irradiation session, 1) before treatment (control), 2) immediately after treatment, 3) after 6 hrs, 4) after 1 month, 5) after 2 months. Bioptic samples from each step were processed for light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. At the same time, each region where biopsies were collected was subjected to ultrasound examination. Recorded images permitted to evaluate the thickness of different layers as epidermis, dermis, hypodermis, connective fasciae, until to muscle layer, and related modifications induced by treatment.

RESULTS: In every biopsy collected at different time-steps, epidermis and superficial dermis appeared not modified compared to control. Differently, already in the short-term biopsies, in the deep dermis and superficial hypodermis, fibrillar connective tissue appeared modified, showing reduction and fragmentation of interlobular collagen septa. The most important adipose tissue modifications were detectable following 1 month from treatment, with a significant reduction of subcutaneous fat, participating both the lysis of many adipocytes and the related phagocytic action of monocytes/macrophages on residuals of compromised structures of adipocytes. In the samples collected two months following treatment, the remnants of adipose tissue appeared normal, and macrophages were completely absent.

CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound, microscopic and ultrastructural evidence are supporting significant effectiveness of the new device treatment in the reduction of subcutaneous fat. In this paper, the possible mechanisms involved in the activation of the monocytes/macrophages system responsible for the removal of adipocytes residuals have also been discussed.

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Author Biography

Torello Lotti, University of Rome G. Marconi, Rome, Italia

Prof. Lotti is Full Professor of the Dermatology and Venereology at University of Studies Guglielmo Marconi, Rome, Italy. He is Honorary Professor of Dermatology - China Medical University Shenyang (2011), Lecturer at the New York Academy of Sciences "Howard Fox Memorial Lecture" (14 March 2012 - New York, NY – USA), and Chair, Executive Scientific Committee Vitiligo Research Foundation, New York , NY , USA. He is President of the World Health Academy, Dermatology since 2013. He has been Full Professor of the Dermatology and Venereology Division at University of Florence School of Medicine, Florence, Italy, from 2006 to 2010. He is Visiting Professor in six International Universities worldwide, and Key Note Lecturer in several international dermatology Societies. His activities in serving Dermatology have been numerous: President of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Venereology (SIDeMaST , 2009-2010) and President of the International Society of Dermatology ( ISD, 2009-2010), President of the European Society for Cosmetic and Aesthetic Dermatology (2003-2004), Editor in Chief of the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (1992-2002) , Editor "Therapeutic Hotline"- Dermatologic Therapy (2007-)and served as Editor in Chief of the Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia in the period of presidency of the Societa' Italiana di Dermatologia (2009-2010). He has been President of numerous international congresses and is currently Editor in Chief of the Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia ( 2010-2020 ). He is Ordinary Member of the main Scientific Societies worldwide (EADV, SIDEV , ESDR , ISD, AAD, SID) and Honorary Member of several Scientific Societies of the Dermatology field. Moreover, he is a Scientific reviewer of ten sectorial journals, among which are the British Journal of Dermatology, Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology , Dermatologic Therapy. He has authored 1054 scientific publications (393 peer reviewed articles, 288 books chapters e 365 abstracts). For more information, see www.torellolotti.it

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Published
2019-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Zerbinati N, d’EsteE, Cornaglia AI, Riva F, Farina A, Calligaro A, Gallo G, Perrotta ER, Protasoni M, Bonan P, Vojvodic A, Fioranelli M, Nguyen VT, Lotti T, Tirant M, Vojvodic P. New System Delivering Microwaves Energy for Inducing Subcutaneous Fat Reduction: In - Vivo Histological and Ultrastructural Evidence. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019Aug.30 [cited 2020Oct.23];7(18):2991-7. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.778

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