The Effects of Magnesium – Melatonin - Vit B Complex Supplementation in Treatment of Insomnia

  • Gorica Djokic Clinic for Mental Disorders “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Petar Vojvodic Clinic for Psychiatric Disorders “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Davor Korcok Abela Pharm, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Anita Agic Abela Pharm, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Anica Rankovic Clinic for Mental Disorders “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Vladan Djordjevic Clinic for Mental Disorders “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Aleksandra Vojvodic Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Tatjana Vlaskovic-Jovicevic Clinic for Mental Disorders “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Zorica Peric-Hajzler Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Jovana Vojvodic Clinic for Mental Disorders “Dr. Laza Lazarevic”, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Dusica Matovic Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Goran Sijan Clinic for Plastic Surgery and Burns, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Uwe Wollina Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Städtisches Klinikum Dresden, Dresden, Germany
  • Michael Tirant G. Marconi University, Rome, Italy
  • Van Thuong Nguyen Vietnam National Hospital of Dermatology and Venereology, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Massimo Fioranelli Department of Nuclear Physics, sub-nuclear and radiation, G. Marconi University, Rome, Italy
  • Torello Lotti University of Rome G. Marconi, Rome, Italia
Keywords: insomnia, magnesium, melatonin, Athens insomnia scale, supplement


Insomnia means difficulty in falling asleep and/or stays asleep. Insomnia commonly leads to daytime sleepiness, lethargy, and a general feeling of being unwell. The most common treatment of insomnia includes GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulators or Melatonin agonists. Our study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Magnesium- melatonin-vitamin B complex supplement in the treatment of insomnia. The study included 60 patients diagnosed with insomnia. The patients were randomly divided into study group (N = 30), and control group (N = 30), and study group was treated with Magnesium-melatonin-vitamin B complex (one dose contains 175 mg liposomal magnesium oxide, 10 mg Vit B6, 16 μg vit B12, melatonin 1 mg, Extrafolate-S 600 μg) once a day 1 hour before sleep, during the 3 months. The severity of insomnia symptoms was measured by self-reported Athens insomnia scale (AIS), with a cut-off score by Soldatos (AIS score ≥ 6). Mean AIS score at zero points was 14,93 ± 3,778 in the study group and 14,37 ± 4,081 in the control group (p = 0,476), indicating the compatibility of the groups, and both scores correspond to mild to moderate insomnia. Mean AIS score after 3 months of the Magnesium- melatonin- vitamin B complex supplementation was 10,50 ± 4,21 corresponding to mild insomnia, while median AIS score in the control group was 15,13 ± 3,76 which is referred to moderate insomnia, and difference among groups was significant (p = 0,000). Our founding’s indicating that 3 months of the Magnesium- melatonin-vitamin B complex supplementation has a beneficial effect in the treatment of insomnia regardless of cause.


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Author Biography

Torello Lotti, University of Rome G. Marconi, Rome, Italia

Prof. Lotti is Full Professor of the Dermatology and Venereology at University of Studies Guglielmo Marconi, Rome, Italy. He is Honorary Professor of Dermatology - China Medical University Shenyang (2011), Lecturer at the New York Academy of Sciences "Howard Fox Memorial Lecture" (14 March 2012 - New York, NY – USA), and Chair, Executive Scientific Committee Vitiligo Research Foundation, New York , NY , USA. He is President of the World Health Academy, Dermatology since 2013. He has been Full Professor of the Dermatology and Venereology Division at University of Florence School of Medicine, Florence, Italy, from 2006 to 2010. He is Visiting Professor in six International Universities worldwide, and Key Note Lecturer in several international dermatology Societies. His activities in serving Dermatology have been numerous: President of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Venereology (SIDeMaST , 2009-2010) and President of the International Society of Dermatology ( ISD, 2009-2010), President of the European Society for Cosmetic and Aesthetic Dermatology (2003-2004), Editor in Chief of the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (1992-2002) , Editor "Therapeutic Hotline"- Dermatologic Therapy (2007-)and served as Editor in Chief of the Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia in the period of presidency of the Societa' Italiana di Dermatologia (2009-2010). He has been President of numerous international congresses and is currently Editor in Chief of the Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia ( 2010-2020 ). He is Ordinary Member of the main Scientific Societies worldwide (EADV, SIDEV , ESDR , ISD, AAD, SID) and Honorary Member of several Scientific Societies of the Dermatology field. Moreover, he is a Scientific reviewer of ten sectorial journals, among which are the British Journal of Dermatology, Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology , Dermatologic Therapy. He has authored 1054 scientific publications (393 peer reviewed articles, 288 books chapters e 365 abstracts). For more information, see


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How to Cite
Djokic G, Vojvodic P, Korcok D, Agic A, Rankovic A, Djordjevic V, Vojvodic A, Vlaskovic-Jovicevic T, Peric-Hajzler Z, Vojvodic J, Matovic D, Sijan G, Wollina U, Tirant M, Nguyen VT, Fioranelli M, Lotti T. The Effects of Magnesium – Melatonin - Vit B Complex Supplementation in Treatment of Insomnia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019Aug.30 [cited 2020Oct.23];7(18):3101-5. Available from:

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