A Study of Noise Pollution Measurements and Possible Effects on Public Health in Ota Metropolis, Nigeria

  • Pelumi E. Oguntunde Department of Mathematics, Covenant University, Ogun State, Ota, Nigeria
  • Hilary I. Okagbue Department of Mathematics, Covenant University, Ogun State, Ota, Nigeria
  • Omoleye A. Oguntunde Department of Business Management, Covenant University, Ogun State, Ota, Nigeria
  • Oluwole A. Odetunmibi Department of Mathematics, Covenant University, Ogun State, Ota, Nigeria
Keywords: Environmental toxicity, Distribution, Nigeria, Noise Pollution, Public health


BACKGROUND: Noise pollution has become a major environmental problem leading to nuisances and health issues.

AIM: This paper aims to study and analyse the noise pollution levels in major areas in Ota metropolis. A probability model which is capable of predicting the noise pollution level is also determined.

METHODS: Datasets on the noise pollution level in 41 locations across Ota metropolis were used in this research. The datasets were collected thrice per day; morning, afternoon and evening. Descriptive statistics were performed, and analysis of variance was also conducted using Minitab version 17.0 software. Easy fit software was however used to select the appropriate probability model that would best describe the dataset.

RESULTS: The noise levels are way far from the WHO recommendations. Also, there is no significant difference in the effects of the noise pollution level for all the times of the day considered. The log-logistic distribution provides the best fit to the dataset based on the Kolmogorov Smirnov goodness of fit test.

CONCLUSION: The fitted probability model can help in the prediction of noise pollution and act as a yardstick in the reduction of noise pollution, thereby improving the public health of the populace.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block


Oloruntoba EO, Ademola RA, Sridhar MKC, Agbola SA, Omokhodion FO, Ana GREE, Alabi RT. Urban environmental noise pollution and perceived health effects in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Biomed Res. 2012; 15(2):77-84.

Oguntunde PE, Odetunmibi OA, Adejumo AO. A study of probability models in monitoring environmental pollution in Nigeria. J Prob Stat. 2014; 2014: Article ID 864965. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/864965

Anake WU, Bayode FO, Omonhinmin CA, Williams AB. Ambient air pollution control using air pollution tolerance index and anticipated performance index of trees. Int J Civil Eng Technol. 2018; 9:417-425.

Okokpujie K, Noma-Osaghae E, Modupe O, John S, Oluwatosin O. A smart air pollution monitoring system. Int J Civil Engine Technol. 2018; 9(9):799-809.

Omole DO, Ogbiye AS, Longe EO, Adewumi IK, Elemile OO, Tenebe TI. Water quality checks on river atuwara, south-west Nigeria. WIT Trans Ecol Environ. 2018; 228:165-173. https://doi.org/10.2495/WP180171

Oyeyemi KD, Aizebeokhai AP, Okagbue HI. Geostatistical exploration of dataset assessing the heavy metal contamination in Ewekoro limestone, Southwestern Nigeria. Data in Brief. 2017; 14:110-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.07.041 PMid:28795088 PMCid:PMC5537382

Egunjobi L. Urban environmental noise pollution in Nigeria. Habitat Int. 1986; 10(3):235-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/0197-3975(86)90053-6

Olokesusi F. An assessment of hotels in Abeokuta, Nigeria and its implications for tourists. Int J Hospitality Magt. 1990; 9(2):125-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/0278-4319(90)90007-K

Ibhadode O, Tenebe IT, Emenike PC, Adesina OS, Okougha AF, Aitanke FO. Assessment of noise-levels of generator-sets in seven cities of South-Southern Nigeria. Afr J Sci Technol Innovat Develop. 2018; 10(2):125-135. https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2017.1400711

Oyedepo OJ, Ekom RI, Ajala KA. Analysis of traffic noise along oyemekun - oba-adesida road akure Ondo state Nigeria. J Engine Sci Tech Rev. 2013; 6(1):72-77. https://doi.org/10.25103/jestr.061.14

Ibhadode O, Oyedepo OS, Ogunro AS, Azeta J, Solomon BO, Umanah II, Apeh ES, Ayoola AR. An Experimental-assessment of Human Exposure-levels to Aircraft Noise-hazards in the Neighbouring-environments of four Nigerian Airports, IOP Conf. Series: Mat Sci Engine. 2018; 413(1): Article number 012080. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/413/1/012080

Asuquo U, Onuu M, Asuquo A. Effects of exposure to loud noise on the hearing of the residents of Calabar, Nigeria. Canadian Acoustics. 2012; 40(3):50-51.

Bolaji BO, Olanipekun MU, Adekunle AA, Adeleke AE. An analysis of noise and its environmental burden on the example of Nigerian manufacturing companies. J Cleaner Product. 2018; 172:1800-1806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.12.007

Onuu MU, Akpan AO. Industrial noise in Nigeria: Measurements, analysis, dose and effects. Building Acoustics. 2006; 13(1):69-80. https://doi.org/10.1260/135101006776324879

Oguntoke O, Odeshi, TA, Annegarn HJ. Assessment of noise emitted by vibrator-block factories and the impact on human health and urban environment in Nigeria. Int J Appl Environ Sci. 2012; 7(1):57-58.

Ologe FE, Akande TM, Olajide TG. Occupational noise exposure and sensorineural hearing loss among workers of a steel rolling mill. Euro Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngol. 2006; 263(7):618-621. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-006-0043-9 PMid:16680467

Abdulkareem AS, Odigure JO. Deterministic model for noise dispersion from gas flaring: A case study of Niger - Delta Area of Nigeria. Chem Biochem Engine Quart. 2006; 20(2):157-164.

Aduloju AA, Okwechime I. Oil and human security challenges in the Nigeria's Niger delta. Critique. 2016; 44(4):505-525. https://doi.org/10.1080/03017605.2016.1236495

Usikalu MR, Kolawole O. Assessment of noise pollution in selected locations in Ota, Nigeria. Int J Mech Engine Technol. 2018; 9(9):1212-1218.

Ogunsola OJ, Oluwole AF, Asubiojo OI, Durosinmi MA, Fatusi AO, Ruck W. Environmental impact of vehicular traffic in Nigeria: health aspects. Sci Total Environ. 1994; 146-147(C):111-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(94)90226-7

Hinchcliffe R. Review: Global perspective of noise-induced hearing loss as exemplified by Nigeria. J Audiolog Med. 2002; 11(1):1-24.

Adetoun MB, Blangiardo M, Briggs DJ, Hansell AL. Traffic air pollution and other risk factors for respiratory illness in schoolchildren in the Niger-delta region of Nigeria. Environ. Health Perspect. 2011; 119(10):1478-1482. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1003099

Shendell DG, Ana GREE, Brown GE, Sridhar MKC. Assessment of noise and associated health impacts at selected secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. J Environ Public Health Open. 2009; 2009: Article number 739502. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/739502

Ebare MN, Omuemu VO, Isah EC. Assessment of noise levels generated by music shops in an urban city in Nigeria. Public Health. 2011; 125(9):660-664. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2011.06.009 PMid:21875726

Ntui AI. Noise sources and levels at the University of Calabar Library, Calabar, Nigeria. Afr J Libr Arch Info Sci. 2009; 19(1):53-63.

Selander J, Rylander L, Albin M, Rosenhall U, Lewné M, Gustavsson P. Full-time exposure to occupational noise during pregnancy was associated with reduced birth weight in a nationwide cohort study of Swedish women. Sci Total Environ. 2019; 651:1137-1143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.212 PMid:30360245

Paiva KM, Cardoso MR, Zannin PHT. Exposure to road traffic noise: Annoyance, perception and associated factors among Brazil's adult population. Sci Total Environ. 2019; 650:978-986. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.041 PMid:30308872

Freiberg A, Schefter C, Girbig M, Murta VC, Seidler A. Health effects of wind turbines on humans in residential settings: Results of a scoping review. Environ Research. 2019; 169:446-463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.11.032 PMid:30530085

Eze IC, Foraster M, Schaffner E, Vienneau D, Héritier H, Pieren R, Thiesse L, Rudzik F, Rothe T, Pons M, Bettschart R, Schindler C, Cajochen C, Wunderli JM, Brink M, Röösli M, Probst-Hensch N. Transportation noise exposure, noise annoyance and respiratory health in adults: A repeated-measures study. Environ Int. 2018; 121:741-750. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.10.006 PMid:30321849

Radun J, Hongisto V, Suokas M. Variables associated with wind turbine noise annoyance and sleep disturbance. Build Environ. 2019; 150:339-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.12.039

Sears CG, Braun JM, Ryan PH, Xu Y, Werner EF, Lanphear BP, Wellenius GA. The association of traffic-related air and noise pollution with maternal blood pressure and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in the HOME study cohort. Environ Int. 2018; 121:574-581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.09.049 PMid:30300815

Oh M, Shin K, Kim K, Shin J. Influence of noise exposure on cardiocerebrovascular disease in Korea. Sci Total Environ. 2019; 651:1867-1876. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.081 PMid:30317174

Thiesse L, Rudzik F, Spiegel K, Leproult R, Pieren R, Wunderli JM, Foraster M, Héritier H, Eze IC, Meyer M, Vienneau D, Brink Ml, Probst-Hensch N, Röösli M, Cajochen C. Adverse impact of nocturnal transportation noise on glucose regulation in healthy young adults: Effect of different noise scenarios. Environ Int. 2018; 121:1011-1023. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.05.036 PMid:30408889

Zock JP, Verheij R, Helbich M, Volker B, Spreeuwenberg P, Strak M, Janssen NAH, Dijst M, Groenewegen P. The impact of social capital, land use, air pollution and noise on individual morbidity in Dutch neighbourhoods. Environ Int. 2018; 121:453-460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.09.008 PMid:30273868

Bräuner EV, Jørgensen JT, Duun-Henriksen AK, Backalarz C, Laursen JE, Pedersen TH, Simonsen MK, Andersen Z. Long-term wind turbine noise exposure and incidence of myocardial infarction in the Danish nurse cohort. Environ Int. 2018; 121:794-802. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.10.011 PMid:30336413

Min JY, Min KB. Cumulative exposure to nighttime environmental noise and the incidence of peptic ulcer. Environ Int. 2018; 121(Pt 2):1172-1178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.10.035

Tesoriere G, Campisi T, Canale A, Severino A. The effects of urban traffic noise on children at kindergarten and primary school: A case study in Enna. AIP Conf Proc. 2018; 2040: Article number 140005. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5079194

Oyedepo SO, Adeyemi GA, Fayomi OSI, Fagbemi OK, Solomon R, Adekeye T, Babalola OP, Akinyemi ML, Olawole OC, Joel ES, Nwanya SC. Dataset on noise level measurement in Ota metropolis, Nigeria. Data in Brief. 2019; 22:762-770. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.12.049 PMid:30671520 PMCid:PMC6330360

How to Cite
Oguntunde PE, Okagbue HI, Oguntunde OA, Odetunmibi OA. A Study of Noise Pollution Measurements and Possible Effects on Public Health in Ota Metropolis, Nigeria. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019Apr.29 [cited 2020Nov.27];7(8):1391-5. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.234
E - Public Health