Instrumental Balinese Flute Music Therapy Improves Cognitive Function and Serum Dopamine Level in the Elderly Population of West Denpasar Primary Health Care Center

  • Anak Agung Ayu Putri Laksmidewi Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ni Putu Ayu Putri Mahadewi Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Made Oka Adnyana Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Putu Eka Widyadharma Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia
Keywords: Music therapy, Cognitive, Classic music, Seruling, Dopamine

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Musical artwork using Balinese flutes made from bamboo (timing buluh) by Agus Teja Sentosa, S.Sn is a combination of music played with flute as the main instrument which contains certain components resembling music therapy such as in western classical music by Antonio Lucio Vivaldi.

AIM: This study aims to determine the improvement of cognitive function and increase in serum dopamine in the elderly after listening to music with Balinese flute as the main instrument.

METHOD: The current study allocated 18 subjects in the control group listened to western classical music by Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, while 18 subjects in the intervention group listened to western classical music and music from Balinese flute as the main instrument by Agus Teja Sentosa, S.Sn. MoCA-Ina assessment and examination of serum dopamine levels were carried out initially and 21 days after listening to music intervention.

RESULTS: The mean increase in cognitive function score was higher in the intervention group (5.22; p < 0.001) than in the control group (4.67; p < 0.001), this increase was not statistically significant with a value of p = 0.562 (p > 0.005). The mean increase in dopamine levels in the control group (3.60) was greater than in the treatment group (3.56), but the mean increase was not statistically significant (p = 0.085).

CONCLUSION: There was a significant relationship between listening to the main instrumental Balinese flute music and the improvement of cognitive function, especially in the memory domain in all study subjects, but the mean increase in cognitive function and serum dopamine level did not reach statistical significance.

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Author Biography

I Made Oka Adnyana, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

 

 

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Published
2019-02-20
How to Cite
1.
Laksmidewi AAAP, Mahadewi NPAP, Adnyana IMO, Widyadharma IPE. Instrumental Balinese Flute Music Therapy Improves Cognitive Function and Serum Dopamine Level in the Elderly Population of West Denpasar Primary Health Care Center. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019Feb.20 [cited 2020Nov.26];7(4):553-8. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.116
Section
B - Clinical Sciences