Transverse Skeletal Effects of Rapid Maxillary Expansion in Pre and Post Pubertal Subjects: A Systematic Review

A Systematic Review.

  • Nouran Fouad Seif-Eldin Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2331-1963
  • Sherif Aly Elkordy Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Mona Salah Fayed Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Amr Ragab Elbeialy Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Faten Hussein Eid Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Keywords: Rapid maxillary expansion, Rapid palatal expansion, Pre-pubertal, Post-pubertal, Skeletal effects

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the transverse skeletal effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in pre and post-pubertal subjects.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five databases were searched till May 2018; Pubmed, Cochrane, Scopus, Lilacs and Web of science in addition to the manual search of other sources. There were no language restrictions. Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies MINORS was used to assess the quality and risk of bias of the trials included.

RESULTS: Six studies were finally included in the qualitative analysis. A meta-analysis wasn’t performed due to the heterogeneity of methodologies and outcomes. All of the included studies showed drawbacks in their structure yielding weak evidence. On the short term, RME caused an increase in the maxillary and lateral-nasal widths in pre-pubertal subjects by 3.4 mm and 3.3 mm, and by 2.8 and 2.2 mm respectively in post-pubertal subjects. Although statistically insignificant, the maxillary width increase was more than that of the post-pubertal subjects by 0.6 mm. Over the long term, expansion produced permanent increases in the transverse dimensions of both the dento-alveolar and skeletal components of the maxilla and circum-maxillary structures in pre-pubertal subjects. The post-pubertal subjects presented with a statistically significant increase only in the later-nasal width by 1.3 mm than the untreated controls with no permanent increase in the skeletal maxillary width.

CONCLUSION: The literature is very deficient regarding the use of skeletal age as a reference in the treatment of skeletal crossbites using RME. Only weak evidence exists supporting the increased maxillary and lateral-nasal widths after tooth-tissue borne RME in pre-pubertal subjects, with these effects being less in the post-pubertal ones.

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Published
2019-02-08
How to Cite
1.
Seif-Eldin NF, Elkordy SA, Fayed MS, Elbeialy AR, Eid FH. Transverse Skeletal Effects of Rapid Maxillary Expansion in Pre and Post Pubertal Subjects: A Systematic Review: A Systematic Review. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019Feb.8 [cited 2021Jan.24];7(3):467-7. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.080
Section
F - Review Articles