Thymoquinone, an Active Constituent of Black Seed Attenuates CCl4 Induced Liver Injury in Mice via Modulation of Antioxidant Enzymes, PTEN, P53 and VEGF Protein
AIM: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the possible protective role of thymoquinone on CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity.
METHODS: The activities of liver function enzymes and antioxidant enzymes were measured. Haematoxylin-Eosin staining was performed to analyze the live tissue alterations. Additionally, expression pattern of different proteins was evaluated through immunohistochemistry staining.
RESULTS: The antioxidants enzymes activities were decreased significantly in the CCl4 induced group whereas recovery/increase of antioxidant enzymes was observed when thymoquinone was given to the mice. Moreover, thymoquinone administration significantly decrease the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Liver tissue alterations were noted in CCl4 treated group whereas treatment with thymoquinone significantly prevented the CCl4-induced histological alteration. The expression of PTEN protein was high in CCl4 plus thymoquinone treated group while the loss of PTEN protein expression was observed in CCl4 treated group. Moreover, high expression of P53 protein was noticed in CCl4 treated the group as compared to CCl4 plus thymoquinone group. Difference in expression pattern of PTEN and p53 protein in CCl4 group and thymoquinone plus CCl4 treated group was statically significant (p < 0.05). Besides, expression of VEGF was high in CCl4 treated group as well as thymoquinone plus CCl4 treated group and difference in expression pattern was statically insignificant (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that thymoquinone can protect CCl4 induced liver damage and could be a preventive drug in the development of novel therapeutic agents for liver diseases.
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