Subcutaneous Dirofilariasis in Female Pubic Region - Case Report

  • Ivka Djaković Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Vinogradska 29, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Tanja Leniček Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Vinogradska 29, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Relja Beck Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Savska cesta 143, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Zdenko Kraljević Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Vinogradska 29, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Krunoslav Kuna Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Vinogradska 29, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Dražan Butorac Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Vinogradska 29, Zagreb, Croatia
Keywords: human dirofilariasis, subcutaneous dirofilariasis, Dirofilaria repens, zoonoses

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Number of reported cases of human dirofilariasis in the last couple of decades has been increasing. Dogs are the main reservoir hosts, while various mosquito species represent/serve as vectors. Human infections are caused by two different parasites: Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens. Dirofilaria repens is currently considered to be one of the most rapidly-spreading human and animal parasite species in Europe. Clinical features are characterised by subcutaneous or ocular lesions which can persist for months without any symptoms. The disease is considered to be endemic in Mediterranean countries, central Asia, Israel, and Sri Lanka with increased incidence in Central and East Europe. Apart from the local population, tourists are also susceptible to this disease. Export of domestic animals can transfer parasites between different countries. This disease is rare in Croatia.

CASE PRESENTATION: We are presenting a case of a 58-year-old female patient with dirofilariasis of the genital region caused by Dirofilaria repens, confirmed with PCR and sequencing.

CONCLUSION: From the clinician point of view, subcutaneous dirofilariasis should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of long-lasting subcutaneous swellings.

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Published
2019-02-09
How to Cite
1.
Djaković I, LeničekT, Beck R, Kraljević Z, Kuna K, Butorac D. Subcutaneous Dirofilariasis in Female Pubic Region - Case Report. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019Feb.9 [cited 2021Jan.25];7(3):392-5. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.034
Section
C- Case Reports

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