Role of Procalcitonin As an Inflammatory Marker in a Sample of Egyptian Children with Simple Obesity

  • Ghada M. El Kassas Department of Child Health, National Research Centre, Cairo
  • Manal A. Shehata Department of Child Health, National Research Centre, Cairo
  • Maged A. El Wakeel Department of Child Health, National Research Centre, Cairo
  • Ahmed F. Amer Department of Child Health, National Research Centre, Cairo
  • Fatma A. Elzaree Department of Child Health, National Research Centre, Cairo
  • Marwa K. Darwish Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Suez University
  • Marwa F. Amer Department of Medical Biochemistry, Cairo University, Cairo
Keywords: Procalcitonin, Inflammatory Marker, Egyptian Children, Obesity

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a multifactorial disease, associated with metabolic disorders and chronic low-grade inflammation. Procalcitonin (PCT) is well known as a biomarker of infection, and systemic inflammation. Recently, it has potential as a marker for chronic low-grade inflammation.

AIM: This study aims to evaluate the role of serum PCT as an inflammatory biomarker in the diagnosis of obesity-related low-grade inflammation.

METHOD: In this case-control study, 50 obese and 35 normal weight children and adolescents aged 5–15 years were enrolled. Anthropometric parameters were measured in all subjects. Blood samples were collected for measurement of lipid profile, blood glucose, insulin, high sensitivity-CRP (Hs-CRP) and serum procalcitonin. Serum (PCT) levels were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS: Obese participants had higher concentrations of serum PCT, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-c, glucose and Hs-CRP than control group. On correlation analysis, procalcitonin had significant positive correlation with (BMI) z-score (P = 0.02), insulin (P = 0.00), insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (P = 0.006), Hs-CRP (P = 0.02), total cholesterol (P = 0.04) and triglycerides (P = 0.00) in obese group.

CONCLUSION: The increased serum procalcitonin concentrations were closely related to measures of adiposity, Hs-CRP and insulin resistance, suggesting that PCT may be an excellent biomarker for obesity-related chronic low-grade inflammation in children and adolescents.

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Published
2018-08-17
How to Cite
1.
El Kassas GM, Shehata MA, El Wakeel MA, Amer AF, Elzaree FA, Darwish MK, Amer MF. Role of Procalcitonin As an Inflammatory Marker in a Sample of Egyptian Children with Simple Obesity. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Aug.17 [cited 2020Nov.26];6(8):1349-53. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.323
Section
A - Basic Science

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