Assessment of the Role of the Anti-Mullerian Hormone, Luteinizing Hormone/Follicle Stimulating Hormone Ratio in the Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Sudanese Women
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is not an easy procedure, as the signs and symptoms are heterogeneous and of undefined aetiology.
AIM: This study is aimed to evaluate serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) level and luteinizing hormone (LH)/folic stimulating hormone (FSH) ratio in women with PCOS in Sudan and to assess the diagnostic efficiency for the diagnosis of PCOS.
METHODS: In a case-control study, Serum AMH, LH, FSH was measured in the early follicular phase from Sudanese patients (N = 230) with PCOS and100 controls. The LH/FSH ratio was calculated, and its diagnostic power was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curves.
RESULTS: The means of serum AMH, serum LH level and LH/FSH ratio of the test, were significantly increased in the test group compared to the control group (P-value < 0.000). The AMH sensitivity, specificity, Positive Predictive Value (PPV) and Negative Predictive Value (NPV) were found to be 83%, 99%, 99%, and 72% respectively. Serum AMH was considered adequate measures for the diagnosis of PCOS; its level showed an area under the ROC curve of 0.98 (95% confidence, P-value < 0.000). The best compromise between 98% specificity and 90% sensitivity was obtained with a cut-off value of 3.3 ng/mL for PCOS diagnosis. There was no correlation between age, body mass index (BMI) and AMH level in the test group.
CONCLUSIONS: The Serum AMH level and LH/FSH ratio were higher in patients than in control. However AMH level has better discriminative power and good diagnostic potency for the diagnosis of the PCOS among Sudanese women.
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