Influence of Flexible Insulin Dosing with Carbohydrate Counting Method on Metabolic and Clinical Parameters in Type 1 Diabetes Patients

Keywords: Type 1 DM, Carbohydrate counting, Metabolic control

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of providing and maintaining a proper metabolic control is to prevent the development of chronic complications. In this study, we aimed to determine the influence of flexible insulin dosing with carbohydrate counting method on metabolic and clinical parameters in type 1 diabetes patients.

Material and Method: This study was conducted with patients following up at the Endocrinology Clinic with a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus between 2012 and 2015. Metabolic and clinical parameters before and after carbohydrate counting were compared.

Results: Forty patients were included to the study. Of the patients, 40% (n=16) were female and 60% (n=24) were male, and mean age was 21.5±7 year at the time of diagnosis. Statistically significant differences were not detected when hemoglobin A1c, fasting plasma glucose, post-prandial glucose, LDL-cholesterol, and HDL-cholesterol levels were compared at standard dose insulin use and after carbohydrate counting (p<0.005). Among the parameters measured when the patients received standard dose insulin without counting carbohydrate and flexible insulin dosing by counting carbohydrate, statistically significant differences were not detected for baseline insulin dose, bolus insulin dose, triglyceride level, body mass index, or monthly hypoglycemia episodes (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Flexible insulin dosing with carbohydrate counting provides significant improvements in clinical and metabolic control. We detected improvements in lipid profiles and glycemic control. Additionally, patients generally did not gain weight despite flexible nutrition, and frequency of hypoglycemia remained unchanged despite strict glycemic control.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of providing and maintaining a proper metabolic control is to prevent the development of chronic complications. In this study, we aimed to determine the influence of flexible insulin dosing with carbohydrate counting method on metabolic and clinical parameters in type 1 diabetes patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted with patients following up at the Endocrinology Clinic with a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus between 2012 and 2015. Metabolic and clinical parameters before and after carbohydrate counting were compared.

RESULTS: Forty patients were included in the study. Of the patients, 40% (n = 16) were female, and 60% (n = 24) were male, and mean age was 21.5 ± 7 year at the time of diagnosis. Statistically significant differences were not detected when haemoglobin A1c, fasting plasma glucose, post-prandial glucose, LDL-cholesterol, and HDL-cholesterol levels were compared at standard dose insulin use and after carbohydrate counting (P < 0.005). Among the parameters measured when the patients received standard dose of insulin without counting carbohydrate and flexible insulin dosing by counting carbohydrate, statistically, significant differences were not detected for baseline insulin dose, bolus insulin dose, triglyceride level, body mass index, or monthly hypoglycemia episodes (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Flexible insulin dosing with carbohydrate counting provides significant improvements in clinical and metabolic control. We detected improvements in lipid profiles and glycemic control. Additionally, patients generally did not gain weight despite flexible nutrition, and frequency of hypoglycemia remained unchanged despite strict glycemic control.

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Published
2018-08-20
How to Cite
1.
Gokosmanoglu F, Onmez A. Influence of Flexible Insulin Dosing with Carbohydrate Counting Method on Metabolic and Clinical Parameters in Type 1 Diabetes Patients. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Aug.20 [cited 2020Nov.29];6(8):1431-4. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.256
Section
B - Clinical Sciences