Effect of Stress, Depression and Type D Personality on Immune System in the Incidence of Coronary Artery Disease

  • Saideh Masafi Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island
  • Seyed Hassan Saadat Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Lifestyle Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
  • Katayoun Tehranchi Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island
  • Roohollah Olya Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island
  • Mostafa Heidari Department of Psychology, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh
  • Saied Malihialzackerini Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island
  • Mahdi Jafari Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
  • Ehsan Rajabi Shahid Beheshty University of Medical Science, Tehran
Keywords: Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), Stress, Depression, Type D Personality, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body. The impact of psychological factors on the immune system and the role of this system in Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) are confirmed. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is arisen due to the failure of blood and oxygen to the heart tissues.

AIM: The present study aimed to describe psychoneuroimmunological processes which contribute to CAD and CHD progression.

METHOD: Such psychological risk factors like stress, depression and type D personality were investigated here. Psychoneuroimmunological pathways of all three mentioned risk factors were described for CAD.

RESULTS: The studies review indicated that stress could be accompanied with myocardial ischemia and help to rupture. The depression involves in the transfer of stable atherosclerotic plaque to unstable, and type D personality is effective in the initial stages of a CAD.

CONCLUSION: As more information on cardiovascular immunity becomes available, this will provide a better understanding and thus act as the foundation for the potential development of new treatment strategies for treatment of cardiovascular disorders.

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Published
2018-08-01
How to Cite
1.
Masafi S, Saadat SH, Tehranchi K, Olya R, Heidari M, Malihialzackerini S, Jafari M, Rajabi E. Effect of Stress, Depression and Type D Personality on Immune System in the Incidence of Coronary Artery Disease. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Aug.1 [cited 2020Oct.23];6(8):1533-44. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.217
Section
F - Review Articles