Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Using Intrauterine Device in Women at High Risk for Pregnancy
BACKGROUND: Reproductive health programs help women live healthier. Family planning consultation is an important component of reproductive health. A good family planning consultation can increase the use of effective birth control methods and improve the life quality of people, specifically of those at high risk. One of the most effective birth control techniques is an intrauterine device (IUD).
AIM: This study was done to investigate the effect of motivational interviewing (MI) on the use of IUD in women at high risk for pregnancy.
METHODS: This random educational trial was conducted in Isfahan on 44 women at high risk for pregnancy in 2015. Subjects were selected through random sampling. First, written informed consent of all samples was gathered, and then the intervention was made in five 45-minute motivational interviewing sessions by the researcher. For this study, a questionnaire was created to measure knowledge, attitude, acceptance, and performance. All the subjects filled this instrument prior and one month after the intervention. Data were then analysed using SPSS 20. The employed statistical tests included dependent t-test, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney, Fischerâ€™s exact test, and McNemar's test.
RESULTS: Results suggested that MI significantly improved the use of IUD in the intervention group (p < 0.001). Also, the mean knowledge (p < 0.001) and attitude (p < 0.001) scores significantly increased in the intervention group.CONCLUSION: Due to the role of MI in increasing the use of IUD, embedding this type of consultation in specific programs for changing health behaviours during pregnancy can be beneficial.
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