Prognostic Significance of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Her-2 Protein in the Genesis of Cervical Carcinoma

  • Arshad H. Rahmani Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraidah
  • Ali Yousif ABabiker Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia; Department of Histopathology and Cytology, College of Medical Laboratories Science, University of Sciences and Technology, Omdurman
  • Mohammed A. Alsahli Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraidah
  • Saleh A. Almatroodi Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraidah
  • Nazik Elmalaika O. S. Husain Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman
Keywords: Cervical carcinoma, Vascular endothelial growth factor, Her-2, Grade and stage

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in the progression of tumours through the formation of new blood vessels. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a chief factor responsible for inducing and regulating angiogenesis. Additionally, the human epidermal growth factor receptor family of receptors also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of tumours.

AIM: This study aimed to examine the association between VEGF and Her-2 protein expression and its correlation with clinic-pathological characteristics; in particular, prognosis.

METHODS: A total of 65 cases of cervical carcinoma and 10 samples of inflammatory lesions were evaluated for VEGF and Her-2 protein expression.

RESULTS: Expression of VEGF and Her-2 was detected in 63.07% and 43.07% in cervical carcinoma cases respectively whereas control cases did not show any expression. The difference in the expression pattern of both markers comparing cancer and control cases was statistically significant (p < 0.05). However, no significant difference in the expression pattern of VEGF protein was observed among the different grades and stages of tumours (p > 0.05). Comparing different grades of a tumour, expression of Her-2 was detected in 31.8% of well-differentiated tumours, 36.0 % in moderately differentiated tumours and 66.66 % in poorly differentiated cancers. The expression of Her-2 was increased in high-grade tumours, and the difference of expression level between tumour grades was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The expression level of Her-2 protein was not correlated with the stage of a tumour (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: The present study supports earlier findings that over-expression / up-regulation of VEGF and Her - 2 is linked with poor prognosis and may play a vital role in the development and progression of cervical cancer.

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Published
2018-02-10
How to Cite
1.
Rahmani AH, ABabiker AY, Alsahli MA, Almatroodi SA, Husain NEOS. Prognostic Significance of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Her-2 Protein in the Genesis of Cervical Carcinoma. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Feb.10 [cited 2020Dec.5];6(2):263-8. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.089
Section
A - Basic Science