Ki-67 Expression as a Predictive Factor of Muscle Invasion in Bladder Cancer

  • Syah Mirsya Warli Universitas Sumatera Utara, Fakultas Kedokteran, Urology, Medan, Sumatera Utara
  • Dhirajaya Dharma Kadar Universitas Sumatera Utara, Fakultas Kedokteran, Urology, Medan, Sumatera Utara
  • Ginanda Putra Siregar Universitas Sumatera Utara, Fakultas Kedokteran, Urology, Medan, Sumatera Utara
Keywords: Bladder cancer, Muscle invasive, Ki 67, Recurrence, Immunohistochemistry


BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is the 9th most frequent cancer worldwide. Ki-67 is immunohistochemistry marker that is predictive of cancer cell proliferation. The expression of Ki-67 is associated with poor prognosis in several types of malignancy, yet the value of Ki-67 as the prognostic factor in bladder cancer remains controversial. This study is aimed to investigate the association between Ki-67 expression with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).

METHODS: This was a case-control study with a retrospective design. The study was conducted at the Department of Pathology, University of Sumatera Utara, Indonesia. Samples were paraffin blocks from patients diagnosed with bladder cancer and agreed to be put in the study. The samples were stained with Immunohistochemistry Staining (IHC), and then we quantitatively counted the number of the Ki-67 stained nucleus on a microscope.

RESULTS: A total of 54 samples were obtained in this study. Samples consisted of 27 samples with NMIBC and 27 samples with MIBC. The cut-off point was 20%, we found 17 patients with MIBC and 14 patients with NMIBC presented with biomarker > 20%. Biomarker ≤ 20% was found in 10 patients with MIBC and 13 patients with NMIBC. On statistical analysis with Chi-Square test, no significant association found (p = 0.583) between KI-67 and muscle - invasiveness with OR of 1.579, 95% CI (0.533-4.678).

CONCLUSION: There is no association between expression of Ki-67 and muscle invasiveness in bladder cancer.


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How to Cite
Warli SM, Kadar DD, Siregar GP. Ki-67 Expression as a Predictive Factor of Muscle Invasion in Bladder Cancer. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Feb.9 [cited 2020Nov.25];6(2):260-2. Available from:
A - Basic Science