Oral Hygiene Index in Early Childhood Caries, Before and After Topical Fluoride Treatment

  • Olga Ratko Kokoceva-Ivanovska Department for Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Stomatology, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Olivera Sarakinova Department for Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Stomatology, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Efka Zabokova-Bilbilova Department for Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Stomatology, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Aneta Nikola Mijoska Department for Prosthodontics, Faculty of Stomatology, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Natasha Stavreva Department for Prosthodontics, Faculty of Stomatology, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
Keywords: OHI-index, Early childhood caries, Initial lesion, Superficial lesion, Fluoride treatment

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Circular caries occurs in the earliest age of the children (1 - 1.5 year), immediately after the eruption of the deciduous teeth. During this period, children are too young to be able to properly implement oral hygiene. Consequently, it is at a negligible level, with plenty of soft plaque on the deciduous tooth surfaces.

OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this clinical trial was to determine the correlation between oral hygiene shown with Oral Hygiene index, and the initial stages of circular caries (initial lesion and superficial form), before and after topical fluoride treatment.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: For determination of the OHI - index we used the method of Green - Vermillion. It was determined two times in 117 patients, during the first visit and immediately before physiological replacement of deciduous teeth. Patients were two to three years old and diagnosed with initial stages of circular caries. Amino fluoride solution was applied once a week, during six months.

RESULTS: We obtained statistically significant improvement of OHI - index at the end of the test, among treated subjects from both major groups.

CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the level of oral hygiene is correlated with the progression of changes in enamel. Topical fluoride treatment has a positive impact on reducing ECC.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Kokoceva Ivanovska O, Jankulovska M, Mijoska A, Zabokova-Bilbilova E, Pavlevska M, Todorovska G. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research. Ultrastructural Changes of the Initial Lesion at Early Childhood Caries. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research 2017; 10 (1): 36-41. http://www.ektodermaldisplazi.com/journal/Journal2017/Vol10_No1/7D17_351_Olga_Ivanova_Kokoceva.pdf

Beiruti N., Taifour P.Prevalence of B.B.T. Decay and patterns of breast and bottle feeding among 3-5 year –old children in Damaskus. Caries Res 1997; 31(4):26-31.

Benitez C., O Sullivan D, Tinanoff. Effect of a preventive approach for the treatment of nursing bottle caries.J Dent Child 1994; 61(1): 46-9.https://www.cda-adc.ca/jadc/vol-71/issue-8/567.pd

Kokoceva -Ivanovska O, Carcev M. Ultra-Structural Changes of the Early Childhood Caries Starting Phases of Development. Balk J Dent Med, 2014; 18: 38-40. https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/bjdm.2014.18.issue-1/bjdm-2015-0006/bjdm-2015-0006.pdf

Kokoceva -Ivanovska O. Ethio-pathogenetics and preventive aspects of the circular caries on the deciduous teeth. Master Thesis, 2002: 57-73. Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universityâ€Ss Cyril & Methodiusâ€, Skopje, R.Macedonia

Policy on Early Childhood Caries (ECC): Classifications, Consequences, and Preventive Strategies. Reference manual: 37 (6): 15-16.

http://www.aapd.org/media/policies_guidelines/p_eccclassifications.pdf

Tinanoff N, Reisine S. Update on early childhood caries since the Surgeon General’s Report. Academic Pediatr 2009; 9(6):396-403.

Kanasi E, Johansson J, Lu SC, et al. Microbial risk mark¬ers for childhood caries in pediatrician’s offices. J Dent Res 2010;89(4):378-83.

Douglass JM. Response to Tinanoff and Palmer: Dietarydeterminants of dental caries and dietary recommendations for preschool children. J Public Health Dent 2000;60(3):207-9.

https://www.oralhealthgroup.com/features/the-infant-oral-exam/

Dimitrova M., Kukleva M. A study of the impact of some risk factors on the possibility for appearance of early childhood caries. VI Congress of the the Balkan Stomatological Society(Abstracts) Bucharest: Balkan Stomatological Society, 2001:178.

Ismail A.Prevention of ECC Comin. Dent. Oral. Epidemiol, 1998, 26, Suppl: 49-61

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9671200

Jankulovska M. Флуоридна концентрација во оралниот медиум пред и поÑле флуориден топикален третман. ДокторÑка диÑертација, Стоматолошки факултет, Скопје, 2001

Kokoceva-Ivanovska O. Early childhood caries: Following of the early developing stages and possibilities for its prevention. Ph.D. Thesis, 2011: 137-159. Faculty of Dental Medicine, University Cyril & Methodius, Skopje, Macedonia

Louloudiadis K. Prevention of Early Childhood Caries. Balk J Stom 2001; 5(2):77-82

https://www.e-bass.org/journal/2014v18/BJDM-18-1.pdf

Maatouk P., Ghedira H.,Imour B., Iaapoura M. Pre-school children oral preventive programmes in 2000:beter late than never. Int Dent J 2000; 50(6):338-40.

Markova N. Prevalence of early childhood caries among children in Sofia. Int Dent J 2000; 50 (6):333-4. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/advanced/search/results

Kokoceva – Ivanovska O, Mijoska A, Gligorova D. EDS – Quantitative Microanalysis Of Calcium And Phosphate In The Initial Lesion Of A Circular Caries Before And After The Topical Fluoride Treatment. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences.2016; 7(3): 2403-2406. https://www.rjpbcs.com/pdf/2016_7(3)/[294].pdf

K. Rosin-Grget, I. Lincir I, M. Tudja. Effect of Amine Fluoride on Enamel Surface Morphology.Coll. Antropol. (2000); 2: 501–508.K. Rosin-Grget, I. Lincir1, M. Tudja. Effect of Amine Fluoride on Enamel Surface Morphology.Coll. Antropol. (2000); 2: 501–508

Vulovic M, Beloica D, Gajic M, Stefanovic R. Preventivna stomatologija: 2002; Beograd. Elit Medica.

Carević M, Vulović M, Šindolić M. Integrated Approach in Combating Early Childhood Caries.Balk J Stom, 2009; 13:15-20.Carević M, Vulović M, Šindolić M. Integrated Approach in Combating Early Childhood Caries.Balk J Stom, 2009; 13:15-20

Muller J.S. Nursing- bottle syndrome: Risk factors. J Dent Child. 1996; 63(1):42-50

Pot TJ et all. The origin and behavior of white spot enamel lesions. Neth Dent J. 1997;16:6-18 Pot et all. The origin and behavior of white spot enamel lesions. Neth Dent J. 1997;16:6-18

Denes J, Gabris K. Results of a 3-year oral hygiene programme, including amine fluoride products, in patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances. The European Journal of Orthodontics 1991; 13(2):129-33. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/21101280_Results_of_a_3year_oral_hygiene_programme_including_amine_fluoride_products_in_patients_treated_with_fixed_orthodontic_appliances

Weinstein P, Harrison R, Benton T. Motivating parents to prevent caries in their young children. One-year findings. JADA 2004; 135 (6):731-737. Weinstein P, Harrison R, Benton T. Motivating parents to prevent caries in their young children. One-year findings.

Tinanoff N., Daley N., O Sulliva D., Douglass J. Failure of intense preventive efforts to arrest early childhood and rampant caries: three case. Pediatric dentistry 1999; 21(3): 160-3.

Trummler A., Weiss. Results of caries prevention programme in children after 33 years. Int Dent J 2000; 50 (6): 340-1. https://www.e-bass.org/journal/2014v18/BJDM-18-1.pdf

Lovern CV, Touger-Decker R. Sugars and dental caries. Am J ClinNutr2003; 78:88-92. http://www.kickthecan.info/sites/default/files/documents/Am%20J%20Clin%20Nutr-2003-Touger-Decker-881S-92S.pdf

Veer Kamp J. S. J., Weerheijm K.L. Nursing bottle caries: The importance of a development perspective.J Dent Child 1995; 62(6): 381-5 Veer Kamp J. S. J., Weerheijm K.L. Nursing bottle caries: The importance of a development perspective.J Dent Child

Weinstein P., Domato P., Koday M., Leroux B. Results of a promising open trial to prevent baby bottle tooth decay: A fluoride varnish study. J Dent Child 1994; 61(5-6): 338 41. http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/7897002

Weintraub JA, Ramos-Gomez F et all. Fluoride varnish application prevents caries in preschool children. J Evid Base Dent Pract 2007;7:23-24 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1532338206002090

Wiegand A, Muller J , Werner. C, Attin T. Prevalence of erosive tooth wear and associated risk factors in 2-7 year–old German kindergarten children. Oral Diseases. 2006; 12(2):117-24. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16476031

Published
2018-02-01
How to Cite
1.
Kokoceva-Ivanovska OR, Sarakinova O, Zabokova-Bilbilova E, Mijoska AN, Stavreva N. Oral Hygiene Index in Early Childhood Caries, Before and After Topical Fluoride Treatment. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Feb.1 [cited 2020Dec.2];6(2):378-83. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.070
Section
D - Dental Sciences