Mean Blood Pressure Difference among Adolescents Based on Dyssomnia Types

  • Krisnarta Sembiring Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of Sumatera Utara, Medan http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7599-8045
  • Oke Rina Ramayani Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of Sumatera Utara, Medan
  • Munar Lubis Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of Sumatera Utara, Medan
Keywords: Blood pressure, Dyssomnia, Adolescent, Hypertension

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dyssomnia is the most frequent sleep disturbance and associated with increased blood pressure. There has been no study determining the difference in mean blood pressure based on dyssomnia types among adolescents.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in mean blood pressure among adolescents based on dyssomnia types.

METHODS: a Cross-sectional study was conducted in SMP Negeri 1 Muara Batang Gadis in April 2016. Samples were students having sleep disturbance based on Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) questionnaire. Stature and blood pressure data were collected along with demographic data and sleep disorder questionnaire. Analyses were done with Kruskal-Wallis test and logistic regression. P - value < 0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS: Seventy-six samples were obtained with mean age 13.9 (SD 1.14) years - old. Dyssomnia proportion and hypertension were 72/76 and 20/76 respectively. Mean systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 111.1 (SD 16.46) mmHg and 70.3 (SD 11.98) mmHg respectively. Mean SDSC score was 49.7 (SD 8.96), and the most frequent dyssomnia type was disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep. Age and sex were not the risk factors of hypertension in dyssomnia. There was a significant difference in mean SBP (P = 0.006) and DBP (P = 0.022) based on dyssomnia types. Combination dyssomnia type had the highest mean blood pressure among dyssomnia types.

CONCLUSION: There is a significant difference in mean blood pressure among adolescents based on dyssomnia types.

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Published
2018-02-04
How to Cite
1.
Sembiring K, Ramayani OR, Lubis M. Mean Blood Pressure Difference among Adolescents Based on Dyssomnia Types. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Feb.4 [cited 2020Nov.29];6(2):293-6. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.068
Section
B - Clinical Sciences