Evaluating the Amount of Tooth Movement and Root Resorption during Canine Retraction with Friction versus Frictionless Mechanics Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

  • Mohamed Makhlouf National Research Centre, Orthodontics, Cairo
  • Amr Aboul–Ezz Cairo University, Orthodontics, Giza
  • Mona Salah Fayed Cairo University, Orthodontics, Giza
  • Hend Hafez National Research Centre, Orthodontics, Cairo
Keywords: Canine retraction, Sliding mechanics, Sectional mechanics, NiTi coil spring, T-loop, Friction mechanics, Frictionless mechanics

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The current study was carried out to compare the amount of tooth movement during canine retraction comparing two different retraction mechanics; friction mechanics represented by a NiTi closed coil spring versus frictionless mechanics represented by T - loop, and their effect on root resorption using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT).

METHOD: Ten patients were selected in a split-mouth study design that had a malocclusion that necessitates the extraction of maxillary first premolars and retraction of maxillary canines. The right maxillary canines were retracted using T - loops fabricated from 0.017 X 0.025 TMA wires. The left maxillary canines received NiTi coil spring with 150 gm of retraction force. Pre retraction and post retraction Cone Beam Computed Tomography were taken to evaluate the amount of tooth movement and root resorption using three-dimensional planes.

RESULTS: T - loop side showed statistically significant higher mean anteroposterior measurement than NiTi coil spring side, indicating a lower amount of canine movement pre and post a canine retraction. Concerning the root resorption, there was no statistically significant change in the mean measurements of canine root length post retraction.

CONCLUSION: The NiTi coil spring side showed more distal movement more than the T-loop side. Both retraction mechanics with controlled retraction force, do not cause root resorption.

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Published
2018-02-05
How to Cite
1.
Makhlouf M, Aboul–EzzA, Fayed MS, Hafez H. Evaluating the Amount of Tooth Movement and Root Resorption during Canine Retraction with Friction versus Frictionless Mechanics Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Feb.5 [cited 2020Nov.25];6(2):384-8. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.066
Section
D - Dental Sciences