Value of SSTR2A and Claudin - 1 in Differentiating Meningioma from Schwannoma and Hemangiopericytoma

  • Shady E. Anis Cairo University School of Medicine - Pathology, Cairo
  • Mira Lotfalla Cairo University School of Medicine - Pathology, Cairo
  • Muhammad Zain Al - Azhar University School of Medicine - Pathology, Cairo
  • Nora N. Kamel National Research Center - Pathology, Giza
  • Ahmed A. Soliman Cairo University School of Medicine - Pathology, Cairo
Keywords: Meningioma, Hemangiopericytoma, Schwannoma, Claudin - 1, SSTR2A

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The distinction between meningioma, schwannoma and solitary fibrous tumour/ hemangiopericytoma can be challenging in some cases. This study evaluates the expression of Somatostatin receptor 2A (SSTR2A) and Claudin-1 in these different tumours.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-five cases of meningioma, 10 cases of intracranial schwannoma and 10 cases of hemangiopericytoma were assessed. The immunohistochemical expression of SSTR2A and Claudin-1 was evaluated and scored according to the percentage of immunostained tumour cells (0: 1+, 2+ and 3). The intensity of staining was classified as weak, moderate and strong.

RESULTS: Positivity for SSTR2A and Claudin-1 was encountered in 89% and 49% of meningiomas respectively. None of the schwannomas or hemangiopericytomas was positive for any of both markers. All grade I and II meningiomas were positive for SSTR2A, and only 20% of grade III showed positive staining (p < 0.05). Claudin-1 positivity was detected in 50%, 43% and 60% of grade I, II and III meningioma respectively, with significantly higher intensity in grade III (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: SSTR2A is highly sensitive and specific for meningioma. Claudin-1 is highly specific for meningioma, with low sensitivity. The adjunctive use of both markers can be very helpful in the diagnosis of meningioma and its distinction from schwannoma and hemangiopericytoma.

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Published
2018-01-29
How to Cite
1.
Anis SE, Lotfalla M, Zain M, Kamel NN, Soliman AA. Value of SSTR2A and Claudin - 1 in Differentiating Meningioma from Schwannoma and Hemangiopericytoma. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Jan.29 [cited 2020Dec.2];6(2):248-53. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.062
Section
A - Basic Science