Health and Illness in History, Science and Society

  • Miriam Rovesti Department of Dermatology, University of Parma, Parma
  • Massimo Fioranelli G. Marconi University - Department of Nuclear Physics, Subnuclear and Radiation, Rome
  • Paola Petrelli G. Marconi University - Department of Nuclear Physics, Subnuclear and Radiation, Rome
  • Francesca Satolli Dermatology, Via Gramsci 14, Parma 43126
  • Maria Grazia Roccia University B.I.S. Group of Institutions, Punjab Technical University, Punjab
  • Serena Gianfaldoni Dermatology and Venereology, University G. Marconi of Rome, Rome 00192
  • Georgi Tchernev Medical Institute of Ministry of Interior Department of General, Vascular and Abdominal Surgery, Sofia
  • Uwe Wollina Städtisches Klinikum Dresden, Department of Dermatology and Allergology, 01067 Dresden
  • Jacopo Lotti G. Marconi University - Department of Nuclear Physics, Subnuclear and Radiation, Rome
  • Claudio Feliciani Department of Dermatology, University of Parma, Parma
  • Torello Lotti University G. Marconi of Rome, Dermatology and Venereology, Rome
Keywords: Health, Illness, History, Science, Society

Abstract

Health is a fundamental human right. The World Health Organization defines it as a "state of complete physical, psychological and social well - being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". The health of individuals, however, is also linked to the environment in which they live and especially to their ability to adapt and integrate into their life context. The relationship with the environment is extremely important because it is that interaction that outlines the concept of normality compared to pathology. Such normality needs to be contextualised by gender, geographical origin and by the individuals’ living conditions: as a matter of fact, what is normal for a young person may differ from what is normal for a senior one. That is to say, the concept of health is indeed relative and it is the result of an interesting evolution of the concept of illness. From the first approaches - dealing with the mere treatment of the symptoms - to the promise of a free-from-pain society, science and economics have played a significant role in redefining the dualism health/ illness. The article reflects on these two concepts, health and illness, in history and nowadays, and discusses the future of the medical science.

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Published
2018-01-20
How to Cite
1.
Rovesti M, Fioranelli M, Petrelli P, Satolli F, Roccia MG, Gianfaldoni S, Tchernev G, Wollina U, Lotti J, Feliciani C, Lotti T. Health and Illness in History, Science and Society. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Jan.20 [cited 2020Oct.30];6(1):163-5. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.056

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