Association between Nephrolithiasis, Hypertension and Obesity in Polycystic Kidney Disease

  • Valbona Bajrami Diagnostic Center Ikeda, Tirana
  • Alma Idrizi Service of Nephrology, UHC Mother Teresa, Tirana
  • Enver Roshi Department of Public Health, UHC Mother Teresa, Tirana
  • Myftar Barbullushi Service of Nephrology, UHC Mother Teresa, Tirana
Keywords: nephrolithiasis, hypertension, polycystic kidney disease, body mass index, anatomic and metabolic factors

Abstract

AIM: We aim to define the correlations between nephrolithiasis, hypertension, age and obesity in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in Albania.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 100 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney from 2011 to 2014. The patients underwent X-ray and renal ultrasonography. We performed the metabolic evaluation of blood and urine.

RESULTS: The patients with renal stones had a higher level of mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared with patients without stones (155 ± 12 mmHg vs. 145 ± 8 mmHg, and 105 ± 0.9 mmHg vs. 92 ± 1.28 mmHg, respectively). Patients with renal stones were older (47 ± 15 vs. 38 ± 5 years), had a higher prevalence of obesity [body mass index (BMI): 28 ± 2.4 vs. 25.7 ± 0.6], had higher levels of total cholesterol level (220 ± 5 mg/dl vs. 203 ± 4 mg/dl) as well as triglyceride levels (160 ± 9 mg/dl vs. 126 ± 4 mg/dl), compared with no renal stone individuals.

CONCLUSION: ADPKD patients with renal stones in our study had a higher mean level of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, BMI and cholesterol and triglycerides levels compared with individuals without renal stones.

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Published
2015-12-24
How to Cite
1.
Bajrami V, Idrizi A, Roshi E, Barbullushi M. Association between Nephrolithiasis, Hypertension and Obesity in Polycystic Kidney Disease. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2015Dec.24 [cited 2020Dec.2];4(1):43-6. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2016.010
Section
B - Clinical Sciences

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