Prosthetic Subclavian-Aortic Bypass as a Safe Surgical Technique for the Coarctation of the Aorta in Adults
BACKGROUND: Coarctation represents 5-8% of congenital heart disease. Residual hypertension remains the main problem after late correction. Surgical treatment in the adult remains a challenge for the surgeon. Our prefered method used in this category is the Subclavian-aortic bypass.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have reviewed our registry for the period of 12 years (1998- 2010) and we found a group of 18 adult patients being operated for coarctation of the aorta. The mean age of this group of patients was 24.7 Â± 8.43 years (range 16-42 years). 13 were males and 5 females.
RESULTS: Sugical technique: Most of the patients (13 pts, 72%) which were obviously treated with subclavian-aortic bypass with a Dacron prostheses. Mean preoperative and postoperative pressure gradients measured by echocardiography were 77.7 Â± 20.16 mmHg and 22.3 Â± 9.14 mmHg respectively. No mortality was observed in this series of patients. Chylothorax was the only complication observed in one patient in the early postoperative period.CONCLUSION: Coarctation of the aorta in adults is treated with optimal early results at our surgical centre. Subclavian-aortic bypass grafting requires less aortic dissection, can be performed with a partially occluding clamp, and does not compromise the spinal cord vascularization.
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