Association between Physical Abuse, Physical Neglect and Health Risk Behaviours among Young Adolescents: Results from the National Study

  • Dimitrinka Jordanova Peshevska World Health Organization, Country Office Skopje, Skopje
  • Marija Raleva University Clinic of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty at Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Izabela Filov Higher Medical School, Bitola
  • Dinesh Sethi World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen
  • Tamara Jordanova National Association for Improvement of the Health and Rights of Persons with Mental Illnesses and Other Vulnerable Groups, Skopje
  • Kadri HazdiHamza University Clinic of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty at Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Fimka Tozija Institute of Public Health, Medical Faculty, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Vesna Damchevska Ilievska Primary School "Zivko Brajkovski", Skopje
Keywords: Physical abuse, physical neglect, corporal punishment, health risk behaviours, Republic of Macedonia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: One of the main objectives of this paper is to analyze the associations between physical abuse and neglect and health risk behaviours among young adolescents in the country.

METHOD: A representative sample consisted of total 1277 students (58.6% female and 41.6%), aged 18 and above. About 664 of them are in last (fourth) year of secondary school and 613 respondents are first- and second-year university students. The data were obtained using Adverse Childhood Experiences Study Questionnaires (Family Health History Questionnaire) for collecting information on child maltreatment, household dysfunction and other socio-behavioural factors, applying WHO/CDC-recommended methodology. Statistical significance was set up at p<0.05.

RESULTS: Physical abuse (21.1%) and physical neglect (20%) were reported with similar prevalence rates. Disciplining children by spanking or corporal punishment was presented with very high rate of 72.4%.

CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated a relationship between physical abuse and later manifestation of health risk behaviours such as: smoking and early pregnancy. Physical neglect increased the chances for drug abuse, drink-driving, having early sex, having more sexual partners.

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Published
2014-06-15
How to Cite
1.
Jordanova Peshevska D, Raleva M, Filov I, Sethi D, Jordanova T, HazdiHamza K, Tozija F, Damchevska Ilievska V. Association between Physical Abuse, Physical Neglect and Health Risk Behaviours among Young Adolescents: Results from the National Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2014Jun.15 [cited 2020Oct.30];2(2):384-9. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2014.066
Section
Preventing Interpersonal Violence in Europe