Prevalence of Elder Abuse and Neglect: Findings from First Macedonian Study

  • Dimitrinka Jordanova Peshevska World Health Organization, Country Office Skopje
  • Marijana Markovik Institute for Sociological, Political and Juridical Research, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Dinesh Sethi World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen
  • Eleonora Serafimovska Institute for Sociological, Political and Juridical Research, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje
  • Tamara Jordanova National Association for Improvement of the Health and Rights of Persons with Mental Illnesses and Other Vulnerable Group, Skopje
Keywords: Psychological abuse, financial abuse, physical abuse, physical injuries, sexual abuse, neglect.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: One of the study objectives was to explore the prevalence of elder abuse and neglect in the country.

METHOD: Total of 960 respondents aged 65 years and above (44.7% of male and 55.3%) in private households, from all eight statistical regions participated in the study. Respondents were sampled through three staged national representative sampling procedure. Data were collected using a cognitively validated questionnaire for investigating elder abuse and neglect (psychological abuse, physical abuse, physical injury; financial abuse; sexual abuse and neglect) and Geriatric Depression Scale. The MMSE test was used as a pre-selection method. Statistical significance was set up at p < 0.05.

RESULTS: Three hundred seven (32.0%) respondents reported experience of any type of abuse and neglect.  A single form of abuse was reported by 56.4% of participants, and two types of abuse by 27.4% of participants reporting abuse. Data showed that psychological abuse was the most prevalent form of abuse (25.7%), followed by financial abuse (12.0%), physical abuse (5.7%), physical injury (3.1%) and sexual abuse, and reported only by females (1.3%). Some type of neglect was reported by 6.5% of respondents.

CONCLUSIONS: Defining the phenomenon of elder abuse and neglect in the context of our country can facilitate support of abused older people and, most importantly, may help develop policy and programmes based on evidence-based practices, targeting prevention and response.

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Published
2014-06-15
How to Cite
1.
Jordanova Peshevska D, Markovik M, Sethi D, Serafimovska E, Jordanova T. Prevalence of Elder Abuse and Neglect: Findings from First Macedonian Study. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2014Jun.15 [cited 2020Oct.22];2(2):353-9. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2014.061
Section
Preventing Interpersonal Violence in Europe