Tumour Necrosis Factor-Α, Interleukin-1 and Interleukin-6 Serum Levels and Its Correlation with Pain Severity in Chronic Tension-Type Headache Patients: Analysing Effect of Dexketoprofen Administration

  • Aldy Safruddin Rambe The University of North Sumatra, Department of Neurology, Medan
  • Hasan Sjahrir The University of North Sumatra, Department of Neurology, Medan
  • Moh Hasan Machfoed Airlangga University, Department of Neurology, Medan
Keywords: chronic tension-type headache, Dexketoprofen, IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α


AIM: The purpose of this study is to see the effect of Dexketoprofen on TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 serum levels in Chronic Tension-Type Headache (CTTH) patients and its correlation with pain severity.

METHOD: The study subjects were recruited consecutively from the study population. Venous blood was taken at baseline to measure serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 and after ten consecutive days of Dexketoprofen 25 mg once daily.

RESULTS: Twenty three subjects participated in this study, 3 male (13.0%) and 20 female (87%). A significant difference between NRS score at baseline and after treatment (4.86 ± 1.82 vs. 1.96 ± 1.40, p = 0.001) was found. No significant difference found between baseline and after treatment TNF-α (1.48 ± 0.65 pg/dl vs. 1.48 ± 0.63 pg/dl, p = 0.963), IL-1 (0.16 ± 0.80 pg/dl vs. 0.26 ± 0.31 pg/dl, p = 0.168) nor IL-6 serum levels (1.06 ± 0.83 pg/dl vs. 1.04 ± 0.81 pg/dl, p = 0.915). A weak negative (R = -0.266) non significant correlation (p = 0.219) was found between NRS score and TNF-α. A positive weak negative (R = 0.221) non significant correlation (p = 0.311) between NRS score and IL-1. NRS score and IL-6 had a negative very weak (R = -0.019) non significant negative correlation (p = 0.931).

CONCLUSIONS: Dexketoprofen decreased pain intensity significantly (p = 0.001), but had no effect on TNF-α IL-1 nor IL-6 serum levels. NRS score had a weak and non significant negative correlation with TNF-α, a weak and non significant positive correlation with IL-1, and a very weak and non significant negative correlation with IL-6 serum levels.


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Author Biographies

Aldy Safruddin Rambe, The University of North Sumatra, Department of Neurology, Medan
Department of Neurology
Hasan Sjahrir, The University of North Sumatra, Department of Neurology, Medan
Department of Neurology


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How to Cite
Rambe AS, Sjahrir H, Machfoed MH. Tumour Necrosis Factor-Α, Interleukin-1 and Interleukin-6 Serum Levels and Its Correlation with Pain Severity in Chronic Tension-Type Headache Patients: Analysing Effect of Dexketoprofen Administration. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2017Feb.6 [cited 2020Oct.26];5(1):54-7. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2017.024
B - Clinical Sciences