Are Dietary Intakes Related to Obesity in Children?

  • Dimitrios Papandreou Department of Natural Science and Public Health, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi
  • Kali Makedou Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki
  • Areti Zormpa Laboratory of Lipids and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention from Childhood, 2nd Pediatric Department, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki
  • Maria Karampola Laboratory of Lipids and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention from Childhood, 2nd Pediatric Department, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki
  • Anastasia Ioannou Laboratory of Lipids and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention from Childhood, 2nd Pediatric Department, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki
  • Areti Hitoglou-Makedou Laboratory of Lipids and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention from Childhood, 2nd Pediatric Department, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki
Keywords: dietary intake, obesity, children, Greece, dietary iron deficiency

Abstract

AIM: The purpose of this study was to report obesity status and identify any dietary substances that may be related to obesity in healthy school children from Northern Greece.

METHODS: Four hundred and twenty-five (n = 425) children were randomly selected to participate in the study. A 24-h recall of three days (two weekdays and one weekend day) was used to analyze the dietary data of the subjects.

RESULTS: Out of 425 subjects, 146 (34.3%) of them were found to be overweight and obese. Energy, protein, carbohydrate and thiamin intake was statistically positively correlated with obesity while dietary iron intake was statistically negatively correlated with obesity. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the children with dietary iron deficiency were 1.128 (95% CI: 0.002, 0.161 P < 0.031) times more likely of being obese compared to the normal group after adjustment for energy intake.

CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the dietary intakes of our subjects were adequate, special consideration should be given to energy, carbohydrate, protein, and sugar and iron intake especially and its relation to obesity. Furthermore, additional studies are required to investigate any possible relation of low dietary iron consumption and obesity.

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Published
2016-03-22
How to Cite
1.
Papandreou D, Makedou K, Zormpa A, Karampola M, Ioannou A, Hitoglou-Makedou A. Are Dietary Intakes Related to Obesity in Children?. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2016Mar.22 [cited 2021Jan.18];4(2):194-9. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2016.045
Section
A - Basic Science