The Most Common New Cases of Breast Cancer among the Housewives: The Some Carcinogenic Determinants

  • Nurka Pranjić Department of Occupational Medicine, Medical Faculty, University of Tuzla, Univerzitetska 1, 75000 Tuzla
  • Ibrahim Gledo Department of Family Medicine, Health Care Faculty, University of Zenica, Crkvice 67, 72000 Zenica
  • Ljiljana MaleÅ¡-Bilić Department of Occupational Medicine, School of Medicine, Banja Luka University, School of Medicine, 78000 Banja Luka
Keywords: breast cancer, environmental, occupational and social determinants, arival time of menopause, housewives.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have observed risk factors for breast cancer. We aimed to investigate and assess the relationship between individual, social, occupational and environmental determinants of breast cancer using a questionnaire among 100 newly diagnosed female breast cancer patients and 100 control female subjects without cancer.

METHODS: A case-control study using a family ambulatory based survey was conducted among 200 female patients from all municipalities of Zenica - Doboj Canton. New cases of breast cancer among subjects of experimental group (n = 100) were diagnosed between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2007 using the institutional clinical procedure for breast cancer diagnosis. Data were obtained using a self - rated questionnaire specially designed for this research. The questionnaire contains a group of questions about individual and demographic data, occupational and environment characteristics, reproductive hystory, body mass index, life style and quality life factors.

RESULTS: Fifty two percent of our examinees with breast cancer are housewives. There were no significant differences between the two groups and their subgroups except for prevalence of routine physical activity (P = 0.016), unemployment (P = 0.004), history arrival menopause (P = 0.012), and type of occupation/ workplace (P = 0.015) among subjects with breast cancer in relation to control subjects. We found significantly higher prevalence for failure to routine physical activity (P = 0.006), obesity (P = 0.009), unemployment (P = 0.001), unsecure existence (P = 0.015), and low level of education (P = 0.001) in housewives in relationship to others occupation.

CONCLUSION: The most common new cases of breast cancer were among housewife. Inverse significantly link between breast cancer and poverty, arrival time of menopause and distant-cousin- degree family history were found. For most women, physical activity may reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

References

Berglund G. Anthropometry, physical activity and cancer of the breast and colon. In Riboli EL (ed) Nutrition and Lifestyle: Opportunities for Cancer Prevention. International Agency for Research on Cancer: IARC Scientific Publications. Lyons, 2002.

Vainio H, Bianchini F. Weight Control and Physical Activity. World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer: IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention. Lyons, 2002.

Gledo I, Pranjić N, Prasko S. Quality of Life Factor as Breast Cancer Risks. Mat Soc Med. 2012; 24(3): 171-7.

Brody JG, Rudel RA. Environmental pollutants and breast cancer. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2003; 111:1007-19.

Anderson BO, Shyyan R, Eniu A, Smith RA, et al. Breast cancer in limited-resource countries: An overview of the breast health global initiative 2005 guidelines. Breast Journal. 2006; 12 (1): S3-S15.

Pukkala E, Weiderpass E. Time trends in socio- economic differences in incidence rates of cancers of the breast and female genital organs (Finland, 1971-1995). Int J Epidemiol. 1999; 81(1): 56-61.

Hemminki K, Zhang H, Czene K. Socioeconomic factors in cancer in Sweden. Int J Cancer. 2003; 105(5): 692-700.

Danø H, Andersen O, Ewertz M, Petersen JH, Lynge E. Socioeconomic status and breast cancer in Denmark. Int J Epidemiol. 2003; 32: 218–24.

Hill DA, Preston- Martin S, Ross RK, Bernstein L. Medical radiation, family history of cancer, and benign breast disease in relation to breast cancer risk in young women, USA. Cancer Causes Control. 2002; 13(8): 711-8.

Chang SC, Ziegler RG, Dunn B, Stolzenberg- Solomon R, et al. Association of energy intake and energy balance with postmenopausal breast cancer in the prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer screening trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006; 15(2): 334-41.

Sprague BL, Trentham- Dietz A, Newcomb PA, at al. Lifetime recreational and occupational physical activity and risk of in situ and invasive breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007; 16(2): 236-243.

Tirona MT, Sehgal R, Ballester O. Prevention of breast cancer (Part I): epidemiology, risk factors, and risk assessment tools. Cancer Invest. 2010; 28:743-50.

Parody PW. Dairy Product Consumption and the Risk of Breast Cancer. J Am Coll Nutr. 2005; 24(6): 556S-68S.

Key TJ, Appleby PN, Reeves GK, et al. Body mass index, serum sex hormones, and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women, J Nat Cancer Inst. 2003; 95:1218-26.

Hemminki K, Li X. University and medical education and the risk of cancer in Sweden. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2004; 13(3): 199-205.

Fenton SE. Endocrine- disrupting compounds and mammary gland development: early exposure and later life consequences. Endocrinology. 2006; 147: S18-24.

Bergstrom A, Pisani P, Tenet V, Wolk A, Adami H. Overweight as an avoidable cause of cancer in Europe. Int J Cancer. 2001; 91: 421-30.

DeCensi A, Gennari A. Insulin Breast Cancer Connection: Confirmatory Data Set the Stage for Better Care. J Clinic Oncol. 2011; 29(1):7-10.

Autier P, Boniol M, LaVecchia C, Vatten L, et al. Disparities in breast cancer mortality trends between 30 European countries: retrospective trend analysis of WHO mortality database. BMJ. 2010; 34: c3620.

Cantor KP, Stewart PA, Brinton LA, Dosemeci M. Occupational exposures and female breast cancer mortality in the U.S. J Occup Environ Med. 1995; 37(3), 336-348.

Shaham J, Gurvich R, Goral A, Czerniak A. The risk of breast cancer in relation to health habits and occupational exposure. AJIM. 2006; 49(12): 1021.

Byrne C. Mammographic density: a breast cancer risk factor or diagnostic indicator? Acad Radiol. 2002; 9 (3): 253-5.¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬

Office for National Statistics. Cancer statistics registration of cancer diagnosed in 2008, England. MBI, no 39. National Statistics, London, 2010.

Hansen J. Elevated risk for male breast cancer after occupational exposure to gasoline and vehicular combustion products. Am J Ind Med. 2000; 37: 349–352.

Watson E, Austoker J, Lucassena A. A study of GP referrals to a family cancer clinic for breast/ovarian cancer. Oxford Journals of Medicine, Family Practice. 2000; 18(2):131-34.

Kruk J. Lifetime physical activity and the risk of breast cancer: a case-control study. Cancer Detect Prev. 2007; 31 (1): 18-28.

The world Health Report 2002. Reducing risks, Promoting Health Report. World Health Organization; 2002.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Breast Cancer Screening, accessed online at www.ahrq.gov/clinic/uspstf/uspsbrca.htm, on Nov. 20, 2009.

Published
2014-06-15
How to Cite
1.
Pranjić N, Gledo I, Maleš-Bilić L. The Most Common New Cases of Breast Cancer among the Housewives: The Some Carcinogenic Determinants. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2014Jun.15 [cited 2020Oct.26];2(2):344-9. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2014.059
Section
E - Public Health