Correlation between Age, Gender, Occupation, Residential Area, and the Occurrence of Eyelid Tumor in Medan, Indonesia
AIM: The aim of the study was to find a correlation between the occurrence of eyelid tumors with age, gender, occupation, and residential area.
SUBJECT AND METHODS: This is an analytical study with a cross-sectional approach conducted among 111 patients, includes all inpatients and outpatients who have been diagnosed with eyelid tumors starting from January 2014 to June 2018 in RSUP Haji Adam Malik, Medan, Indonesia.
RESULTS: From 111 patients, 75 women (67.6%) and 36 men (32.4%) were found (PR: 1.5, 95% clinical incidence [CI] = 0.85–2.65). Majority patients were 51–60 years old (30.6%) (PR = 2.72, 95% CI = 1.47–4.23). Mostly patients reside in lowland area (Medan city) (21.6%), while those living in highland area are more susceptible to eyelid tumor (PR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.52–2.47%). Overall patients are indoor worker (housewives) (34.2%), but outdoor worker are more likely affected (PR = 2.26, 95% CI = 0.95–5.36). Correlation between occurrence of an eyelid tumor and age are found (p = 0.001; R: 0.454), as well as the correlation between occurrence of eyelid tumor and occupation (p = 0.05; R: 0.183). Meanwhile, the occurrence of an eyelid tumors and gender was not correlated (p = 0.15; R: 0.135) same as the occurrence of an eyelid tumor and residential area (p = 0.723; R = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: Age and occupation have a correlation with the occurrence of an eyelid tumor, while gender and residential have not correlated.
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