Relationships between Histopathology Type and Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response for Cervical Cancer Stage IB2 and IIA2
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer was the fourth common women cancer in the world and the second most in Indonesia. Chemotherapy has been evaluated as a therapy strategy to treat cervical cancer stage IB2 and IIA2 prior the radical hysterectomy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was still being a controversy for the chemotherapy resistance patient and will delay the definitive therapy. A marker is needed to identify patient which more relatively resistant to chemotherapy. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) type was known to have a better response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy than non-SCC (nSCC) type, but they are no studies at Dr. M. Djamil Padang General Hospital yet on this matter before.
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study were to obtain the relationship between histopathology type and neoadjuvant chemotherapy response for cervical cancer stage IB2 and IIA2.
METHODS: This cohort analytic study conducted at Dr. M Djamil Padang Hospital which obtained 35 samples of stage IB2 and IIA2 cervical cancer patients whom treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Results of histopathology are based on biopsy at diagnosis done for cervical cancer and chemotherapy response is based on transrectal ultrasound examinations before and after given neoadjuvant chemotherapy with response evaluation criteria in solid tumors criteria.
RESULTS: Complete response and partial response in the SCC and nSCC group were 32%–50%, while stable disease (SD) and progressive disease were 68% in the SCC group to 50% in the nSCC group.
CONCLUSION: There was no significant relationship between histopathological type and neoadjuvant chemotherapy response for cervical cancer stage IB2 and IIA2 (p = 0.44).
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