Williams Flexion Exercise for Low Back Pain: A Possible Implementation in Rural Areas
AIM: Low back pain (LBP) is a widespread complaint of all age groups. The economic burden of LBP is high, and physiotherapy has proven to reduce this. Unfortunately, physiotherapy or exercise regimen is rarely prescribed to LBP patients by doctors. Until now, there was no study regarding the application of physiotherapy exercise in Indonesia. This study aims to evaluate the effect of Williams flexion exercise (WFE) toward people with LBP.
METHODS: This was a pretest-posttest experimental study design of PROLANIS participants with LBP complaints in one of the primary health-care centers in Jombang, East Java, Indonesia, on June 2018â€“July 2018. The total sampling method was used in this study. Participantsâ€™ basic clinical data and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire. WFE was taught to the participants through a presentation, video, and live demonstration. After 1 month, ODI of the participants was reassessed.
RESULTS: There were 42 participants included in this study. There was a significant ODI difference between pre- and post-WFE implementation (31.05 Â± 17.40 vs. 14.10 Â± 11.78, p = 0.019). Higher exercise frequency (>1 times/day) was associated with further reduction in ODI compared to lower exercise frequency group (1 time/day) (22.09 Â± 19.09 vs. 7.38 Â± 12.58, p = 0.017). There was no significant difference in ODI reduction between geriatric and non-geriatric participants (p = 0.24).
CONCLUSION: WFE improves functional symptoms of LBP regardless of age. This exercise could be implemented in a primary health-care setting in future to reduce the cost for LBP treatment.
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Copyright (c) 2020 William Sukmajaya, Firas Farisi Alkaff, Alina Oen, Alverina Cynthia Sukmajaya (Author)
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