The Impact of Short-term Combination of Limb Training and Pursed-lip Breathing in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • Amira Permatasari Tarigan Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Fannie Rizki Ananda Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Pandiaman Pandia Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Trisno Susilo Division of Cardiorespiration, Faculty of Physiotherapy, STIKES Siti Hajar, Medan, Indonesia
  • Maryaningsih Maryaningsih Division of Cardiorespiration, Faculty of Physiotherapy, STIKES Siti Hajar, Medan, Indonesia
  • Anggriani Anggriani Division of Cardiorespiration, Faculty of Physiotherapy, STIKES Siti Hajar, Medan, Indonesia
Keywords: pulmonary rehabilitation, lung functions, functional capacity, quality of life, stable COPD

Abstract

AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of short-term combination of upper and lower limb training on lung functions, functional capacity, and quality of life in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

METHODS: This quasi-experimental study held in 2017 and included 20 participants diagnosed with COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced volume capacity [FEV1/FVC] ≤70%). Combination of limb training with pursed-lip breathing held twice a week for 8 weeks. Lung functions, functional capacity, dyspnea scale, and quality of life were measured before, 1 month, and 2 months after training.

RESULTS: In this study, there was a significant improvement of FVC after 2 months after training (p-value: 0.04), but not in FEV1. There was a significant improvement of CAT (p-value: 0.00) and modified medical research council (p-value: 0.04) after 1 month of training. There was a significant improvement of 6-min walking test mean after 2 months of training (p-value: 0.00).

CONCLUSIONS: Short-term combination of limb training and pursed-lip breathing impacted positively on FVC, functional capacity, dyspnea scale, and quality of life in patients with COPD, but not in FEV1.

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Published
2020-05-15
How to Cite
1.
Tarigan AP, Ananda FR, Pandia P, Susilo T, Maryaningsih M, Anggriani A. The Impact of Short-term Combination of Limb Training and Pursed-lip Breathing in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2020May15 [cited 2020Oct.31];8(B):479-83. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/3890