Study of Adiponectin Level in Diabetic Adolescent Girls in Relation to Glycemic Control and Complication of Diabetes

Soha M. Abd El Dayem, Hayam K. Nazif, Mona Abd EI-Kader, Maha El-Tawil

Abstract


AIM: To study the relation between adiponectin level with glycemic control and complication of diabetes.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 40 female adolescent type 1 diabetic patients and 40 healthy volunteers of the same age and sex. Blood sample was taken for assessment of glycosylated hemoglobin, lipid profile and adiponectine. Urine sample was taken for assessment of albumin/ creatinine ratio.

RESULTS: Diabetic patients had a significantly higher diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL and adiponectin than controls. Patients with diabetes complication had a significant lower BMI and HDL. On the other hand, they had higher disease duration, total cholesterol, HbA1, albumin/creatinine ratio and adiponectin. Patients with microalbuminuria had a lower BMI, higher disease duration, diastolic blood pressure and adiponectin. Patients with diabetic retinopathy had higher disease duration, insulin dose, HbA1, microalbuminuria and adiponectin. Adiponectin in diabetic patients had a significant negative correlation with BMI and positive correlation with systolic blood pressure and microlabuminuria.

CONCLUSION: Serum adiponectin level is high in adolescent type 1 diabetic girls. It can be used as a predictor of diabetes complications rather than a sensitive biochemical marker for glycemic control.

Keywords


Adiponectin; Glycemic Control; complication; type 1 diabetes

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2015.098

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Copyright (c) 2015 Soha M. Abd El Dayem, Hayam K. Nazif, Mona Abd EI-Kader, Maha El-Tawil

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