Arthroscopic Standard Anterior and Posteromedial Portal Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With Remnant Preservation : 2-Year Follow-up
BACKGROUND: Grade 3 posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury needs surgical intervention, but there is no consensus on the optimal technique in PCL reconstruction. The old technique always removes the remnant for good visualization of tunnel replacement. Recently, many studies proposed the concept of preservation of PCL remnant with achieve good visualization.
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate PCL reconstruction with remnant preservation using the standard anterior and posteromedial portal at 2-year follow-up.
METHODS: We conducted a cohort retrospective study between January 2013 and December 2015. In this study, 25 patients underwent PCL reconstruction using the standard anterior and posteromedial portal with remnant preservation. We used quadrupled hamstring autograft. The patients were assessed using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm Knee Score, Modified Cincinnati Score, and knee society score (KSS) at pre-operative and 2-year post-operative. Range of motion (ROM) and complications were evaluated postoperatively.
RESULTS: The mean diameter of the quadruple hamstring graft was 8 mm. Clinical outcomes enhanced significantly (p < 0.05). The average of Lysholm activity scale improved from 65.12 ± 10.48 to 94.96 ± 4.80. The IKDC score improved from 60.50 ± 15.10 to 95.60 ± 3.44. Modified Cincinnati score improved from 62. 28 ± 13.6 to 96.04 ± 1.62. The KSS also improved from 60.12 ± 18.01 to 94.88 ± 6.36. Twenty-two patients had 0–135° full ROM and three patients had 0–110° ROM. Two patients had surgical site infection but recovered with local debridement.
CONCLUSION: PCL reconstruction using the standard anterior and posteromedial portal with remnant preservation at 2-year follow-up resulted in satisfactory clinical and functional outcomes.
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