The Relation between Visceral and Subcutaneous Fat to Bone Mass among Egyptian Children and Adolescents

  • Sahar A. El-Masry Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza
  • Nayera E. Hassan Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza
  • Rokia A. El-Banna Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza
  • Mohamed S. El Hussieny Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza
Keywords: visceral fat, subcutaneous fat, bone mineral density, children, adolescent.


BACKGROUND: The relation between fat distribution and bone mass is still being debated in children and adolescents.

AIM: To verify the influence of both visceral and subcutaneous fat on bone mass among Egyptian children and adolescents.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study involved 78 (38 boys and 40 girls) individuals from children (42) and adolescents (36), aged 8-17 years. They were divided into 2 age groups: children group (20 boys and 22 girls) aged 8-12 years and adolescent group (18 boys and 18 girls) aged 13-17 years. Anthropometric measurements, visceral and subcutaneous fat (measured by ultrasound), body composition, BMD and BMC (Measured by DXA), were attempted.

RESULTS: Among children, significant positive correlations between visceral fat; in males; and subcutaneous fat; in females; with total BMC, BMD and its Z-score were revealed. After exclusion of age effect, the association between visceral fat in females with total BMD and its Z-score and lumbar BMD-Z-score became significant.  For adolescents, no correlation was observed between either visceral or subcutaneous fat with any parameter of bone mass.

CONCLUSIONS: Visceral and subcutaneous fat had significant positive association with bone mass in children; males and females respectively. On the contrary such association disappeared during adolescence.


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How to Cite
El-Masry SA, Hassan NE, El-Banna RA, El Hussieny MS. The Relation between Visceral and Subcutaneous Fat to Bone Mass among Egyptian Children and Adolescents. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2014Dec.15 [cited 2020Oct.26];2(4):573-8. Available from:
A - Basic Science

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