Artificial Hair: By the Dawn to Automatic BiofibreÂ® Hair Implant
Since the beginning of the twentieth century, there have been attempts at creating artificial hair to treat baldness. Major evolution took place at the end of 1970â€™s when, unfortunately, artificial hair treatments were applied without appropriate medical controls, resulting in sub-standard results from the use of unsuitable materials and technique. The large improper use of this technique in North America from no medical personnel and with dangerous fibres led the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to suspend the procedure in 1983. In Europe, a new trial on artificial hair procedure started at the beginning of 1990â€™s.In 1995 the European Union (UE) recognised the artificial hair implant as a legitimate medical treatment and outlined the rules related to that procedure. In 1996, biocompatible fibres (BiofibreÂ®) produced by MedicapÂ® Italy were approved by the UE Authorities and by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) as medical devices for hair implant. An effective medical protocol was developed during the following years to provide correct guidelines for appropriate treatment, and to reduce possible related complications. Automatic BiofibreÂ® hair implant represents the last achievement in this hair restoration technique with significant advantages for the patients.
Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block
United States Patent Office, Patent #1,059,63, patented on the 22nd of April 1913
Sasagawa M. Hairshaft implantation method. Jpn J Dermatol Oncol. 1930; 30(5):493.
Fukuta K, Narita I, Jodo T. A New procedure of cosmetic prosthetic surgery for baldness. Jpn J Plast Reconstr Surg. 1976; 19:6;613.
Hanke CW, Bergfeld WF. Fiber implantation for pattern baldness. JAMA. 1979; 241:146-8. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1979.03290280026020
Schwartz RS, Downham TF. Dangers of synthetic fibre implantation for male pattern baldness. Cutis. 1980; 25:491-2. PMid:6991215
Di Gregorio VR, Rauscher G. Experience with the complications of synthetic hair implantation. Plast Reconst Surg. 1981; 68:498-504. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006534-198110000-00003
Food and Drug Administration: Proceed Listing of banned devices, prosthetic hair fibres. Code of Federal Regulations. 1983; 21:895.
D'ugo A. Follow-up study of 503 patients three years after surgical implantation of artificial fibres on the scalp, XXV Congreso Argentino di Cirugia Plastica, Buenos Aires, Argentina, November 26-30, 1995.
Zhilina NV, Igytyan GG, Antonova LE. Clinical analyses of the results of treatment of alopecia with the BiofibreÂ® implant methodology, Ann of Plastic Reconstr Aesthetic Surg. 2000; 1:34-36.
Palmieri B, Griselli G, Dugo A, Palmieri G, Salti G. Evaluation of polyamide synthetic hair. A long-term clinical study. Panminerva Med. 2000; 42(1):49-53. PMid:11019605
Fanti PA, Pastorale T, D'urso C, Misciali C, Tosti A. Histological study on 5 cases of patients who underwent artificial hair implantation without complications, XXXII Annual Meeting, American Society of Dermatopathology, New Orleans, USA, February 01-03, 1995.
Santiago M. Estudo histolÃ³gico de couro cabeludo implantado com fibras artificiais de poliamida, XXXV Congreso Brasileiro de Cirurgia PlÃ¡stica, GoiÃ¢nia, Brazil, November 1-4, 1998.
Directive 93/42/EEC of the Council concerning Medical Devices, 14th of June 1993.
D'ugo A, Santiago M, Chaker C, Perez Rangel R, Saad Eddin U, Ramponi V. Safety of BiofibreÂ® CE 0373/TGA artificial hair implants: importance of the scalp anchoring system, International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery, 10th Annual Meeting, Chicago, USA, October 9-13, 2002.
Santiago M. Extreme artificial hair implant: BiofibreÂ® treatment of total alopecia. International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery, 10th Annual Meeting, Chicago, USA, October 9-13, 2002.
Santiago M. Fiber Hair Restoration â€“ A Surgical Option to Treat Female Pattern Baldness, International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery, 11th Annual Meeting, New York, USA, October 15-19, 2003.
Brady G. Cases without Hope â€“ Innovative Solutions in Difficult Cases, International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery, 13th Annual Meeting, Sydney, AUSTRALIA, August 24-28, 2005.
Santiago M, Perez Rangel R, D'ugo A, Griselli G, Igitian G, Garcia Martin I, Nesheim GB, Saad Eddin U, Smith G, Brady GW, Chaker C. Artificial Hair Fiber Restoration in the Treatment of Scalp Scars. Derm Surg. 2007; 33(1):35-44.
Perez Rangel R. Cabello Inorganico Biocompatible, Dermatologia CosmÃ©tica, Texto AcadÃ©mico, IÂ° edicion 2011, presentacion February 2012 in 8th WCOCD.
Sheta M. Modern Artificial Hair Implant. FACE congress, London, UK, 20 -22 June, 2014.
Serdev N, D' Erme AM, Hercogova J, Zarrab Z, Chokoeva AA, Tchernev G, Wollina U, Lotti T. Polyamide hair implant (BiofibreÂ®): evaluation of efficacy and safety in a group of 133 patients. J Biol Regul Homeiostat Agents. 2015; 29(Suppl 1):103-9. PMid:26016977
All rights reserved.