Vol. 13 No. 2 (2021): Arch Pub Health
Public Health

The role of age on speech development in subjects with cochlear implants

Vesna Lazarovska
Hearing, Speech and Voice Rehabilitation Center, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
Mira Jovanovska
Hearing, Speech and Voice Rehabilitation Center, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Published 2021-06-30

Keywords

  • hearing impairment,
  • cochlear implant,
  • rehabilitation treatment,
  • speech development

How to Cite

1.
Lazarovska V, Jovanovska M. The role of age on speech development in subjects with cochlear implants . Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 30 [cited 2021 Oct. 24];13(2):1-8. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/aph/article/view/6001

Abstract

The cochlear implant has been approved as a method of treating bilateral deep deafness since the 1980s, and since then candidate selection methods have changed several times. Initially, the candidates were only adult patients, and in 1990 the cochlear implant was approved for the first time in children under 2 years of age by the US Food and Drug Administration. In 2000, the same US Administration reduced the limit to one year. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of age at cochlear implantation on speech recognition abilities. Concerning the age groups in which the subjects were assigned to, the best results on the tests were achieved by the group who underwent cochlear implantation at the youngest age. In conclusion, the benefit from cochlear implant in subjects with pre-lingual hearing impairment of the most severe degree has to be stressed and it is much bigger in comparison to individual amplifying hearing aids. If cochlear implant is placed at the youngest age, the results might lead to even 100% of active involvement in the social life of individuals with this kind of impairment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

  1. Wilson BS, Finley CC, Lawson DT. Wolford RD. Eddington DK. Rabinowitz WM. Better speech recognition with cochlear implants. Nature 1991; 352:236-238.
  2. Skinner MW, Clark GM, Whitfort. Evaluation of new spectral peak coding strategy for the nucleus 22 Channel cochlear implant system. Am J Otol 1994; 15-27.
  3. Wilson SJ, Rebscher SH, Kim SJ. Design for a simplified cochlear implant system. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2007; 54:973–982.
  4. Zeng FG. Trends in cochlear implants. Trends Amplif 2004; 8:1–34.
  5. Balkany T. Nucleus freedom north american clinical trial. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007; 136: 757–762.
  6. Koch DB, Osberger MJ, Segel P, Kessler D. HiResolution and conventional sound processing in the HiResolution bionic ear: Using appropriate outcome measures to assess speech recognition ability. Audiol Neurootol 2004; 9: 214–223.
  7. Robbins A, Kirk KI. Speech perception assessment and performance in pediatric Cochlear implant users. Sem Hear 1996;17:353-369.
  8. Eddington DK. Speech recognition in deaf subjects with multichannel intracochlear electrodes. Ann NY Acad Sci 1983;405:241-258.
  9. Schneir W, Shiggrin RM. Controled and automatic human information processing: Detection, search, and attention. Psycholog Rev 1977;84:1-66.
  10. May-Mederake. Early intervention and assessment of speech and language development in youngchildren with cochlear implants. IJPORL 2012;76(7): 939-46.
  11. May-Mederake B. Determining early speech development in children with cochlear implants usingthe ELFRA-2 parental questionnaire. IJPORL 2012; 76(6): 797-801.
  12. Baumgarter WD, Pok SM, Egelierler B, Franz P, Gstotter W, Hamzavi J The role of age in pediatric cochlear implantation. Int J Pedatr Otorhinolaryngol 2002; 62:223-28.
  13. Allum JH, Greiinger R, Straubhaar S, Carpenter MG. Auditory perception and speech identification in children with cochlear implants tested with the EARS protocol. Br J Audiol 2000; 34.
  14. Robbins AM, Koch DB, Osberger MJ, Zimmerman-Phillips S, Kishon- Rabin L. Effect of age at cochlear implantation on auditory skill development in infants and toddlers. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2004;130, 570-574.
  15. Miyamoto RT, Kirk KI, Robbins AM, Todd S, Riley A, Pisoni DB. Speech perception and speech intelligibility in children with multichannel cochlear implants. In: Honjo I, Takahashi H, editors. Cochlear Implant and Related Sciences Update. Advances in Otorhinolaryngology. Basel: Karger; 1997. pp. 198–203.
  16. Miyamoto RT, Svirsky MA, Robbins AM. Enhancement of expressive language in
  17. prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants. Acta Otolaryngol 997;117:154–157.
  18. Osberger MJ, Todd SL, Berry SW, Robbins AM, Miyamoto RT. Effect of age of onset of deafness on children’s speech perception abilities with a cochlear implant. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1991;100:883–888.