Vol. 10 No. 2 (2018): Archives of Public Health
Public Health

Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the Pech district

Ardita Kerveshi-Sulejmani
Institute of Public health, Pristina, Kosovo
Aferdita Selmanaj
General Hospital Pekj, Kosovo
Igor Isjanovski
University Clinic for eye diseases; Medical Faculty, University Ss Ciril and Methodius, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Rozalinda Isjanovska
Medical Faculty Skopje, University Ss Ciril and Methodius, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia

Published 2018-11-12

Keywords

  • мetabolic syndrome,
  • public health,
  • prevalence,
  • obesitas

How to Cite

1.
Kerveshi-Sulejmani A, Selmanaj A, Isjanovski I, Isjanovska R. Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the Pech district. Arch Pub Health [Internet]. 2018 Nov. 12 [cited 2022 Aug. 17];10(2):40-7. Available from: https://www.id-press.eu/aph/article/view/2242

Abstract

The metabolic syndrome (MS) is the main clinical and public health challenge in the world, in the wake of urbanization, excess energy intake, increased obesity, sedentary lifestyle and habits. MS leads to a 5-fold increase the risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) and 2 times the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) over the next 5 to 10 years. The aim of the research is to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome syndrome in the Pech District according to NCEP ATD III / 2001. Material and methods: Cross sectional study was carried out at the General Hospital in Pec, which represents a regional hospital for the Pec District. A total of 1667 patients from the Pech district were interviewed for a period of one year. Results: In the group, MS was present in 506 patients. In the majority of cases, we found the systolic blood pressure condition ≥ 130 mmHg -99.4%, followed by diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmH-96.4%, elevated triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol / l- 94.7%, waist circumference> 88 cm in women-94.0% , increased glycemia ≥ 6.1mmol / L in 80.0%, waist circumference > 102cm in men-65.5%, HDL values ​​<1.03mmol / L in men - 56.9%  and HDL values ​​<1.03mmol / L in females 51.5%. The mean value of systolic blood pressure in patients with MS is 151.1 ± 9.3 mmHg. The average value of diastolic blood pressure in patients with MS is 91.0 ± 4.7 mmHg. The average waist circumference of patients with MC was 103.6 ± 9.2 cm. The mean HDL of patients with MS is 1.1 ± 0.2 mmol / L. The average glycemic value in patients with MS is 6.5 ± 0.6 mmol / Average triglyceride value in patients with MS and is 2.5 ± 0.8 mmol / L. The most common in patients with MS is obesity / obesity - 70.8%, overweight is 27.8%, and 1.4% normal weight is registered. Conclusions: The prevalence of MS in the Pech district is 30.4% and was approximately as in Croatia 34% and Tetovo region with 28.25%, but it was dependent on the population and definitions used. The metabolic syndrome is one of the major public health problems, and a socioeconomic problem around the world and in  Kosovo, too.

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