A Higher Rate of Iron Deficiency in Obese Pregnant Sudanese Women

Wisal Abbas, Ishag Adam, Duria A. Rayis, Nada G. Hassan, Mohamed F. Lutfi


AIM: To assess the association between obesity and iron deficiency (ID).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited from Saad Abualila Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan, during January–April 2015. Medical history (age, parity, gestational age) was gathered using questionnaire.  Weight and height were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Women were sub-grouped based on BMI into underweight (< 18.5 kg/m^2), normal weight (18.5–24.9 kg/m^2), overweight (25–29.9 kg/m^2) and obese (≥ 30 kg/m^2). Serum ferritin and red blood indices were measured in all studied women.

RESULTS: Two (0.5%), 126 (29.8%), 224 (53.0%) and 71 (16.8%) out of the 423 women were underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese, respectively. Anemia (Hb <11 g/dl), ID (ferritin <15µg/l) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) were prevalent in 57.7%, 21.3% and 12.1%, respectively. Compared with the women with normal BMI, significantly fewer obese women were anemic [25 (35.2%) vs. 108 (85.7%), P < 0.001] and significantly higher number of obese women [25 (35.2) vs. 22 (17.5, P = 0.015] had iron deficiency. Linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant negative association between serum ferritin and BMI (– 0.010 µg/, P= 0.006).

CONCLUSION: It is evident from the current findings that prevalence of anaemia and ID showed different trends about BMI of pregnant women.


Body mass index; iron deficiency; obesity; pregnancy; SudanNone

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2017.059

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Copyright (c) 2017 Wisal Abbas, Ishag Adam, Duria A. Rayis, Nada G. Hassan, Mohamed F. Lutfi

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